Using Data Acquisition Products
Biometrics Ltd sensors and instrumentation have been used worldwide for more than 20 years in a variety of research applications.
Keywords: Dynamometer Arthritis Grip Requirements Reliability Clinical Applications Canada 2015
Cynthia S. Srikesavan, Barabara Shay, Tony Szturm. The Open Orthopaedics Journal 2015; 9: 57-67
The Biometrics Ltd Dynamometer is used to determine the Grip Strength of subjects suffering from Arthritis. The Grip Strength data is presented together with the outcomes of the new hand function test designed specifically for people with arthritis, the Grip Strength data is also applied to the final analysis showing test-retest reliability.
Keywords: DataLOG DataLOG Analysis SW EMG Pain Sports Science Sports Rehabilitation Sports Therapy Biomechanics Hong Kong 2015
Shirley S. M. Fong, Y. T. Tam, Duncan J. Macfarlane, Shamay S. M. Ng, Young-Hyeon Bae, Eleanor W. Y. Chan, X. Guo. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2015, Article iD: 910168
Biometrics Ltd surface EMG sensors are applied over the core muscles of subjects from two groups (individuals with and without an expert Kinesiology tape application); sensors are connected to the DataLOG unit which is subject worn via a belt around the waist. A variety of TRX exercises are performed and results are discussed to present a comparison between EMG RMS values from both subject groups (RMS data is calculated using the Biometrics DataLOG Analysis Software).
Keywords: Goniometers DataLOG Active ROM Flexion Extension Acceleration Paediatrics Lower Extremity Clinical Applications Germany 2015
Sandra Hansmann, Susanne M Benseler, Jasmin B Kuemmerle-Deschner. Paediatric Rheumatology (2015) 13:8.
This study concludes that collecting Goniometer data is one of the best ways to find differences between healthy and arthritic knee joints, the maximum flexion and extension values are recorded and from these values, the acceleration and dynamic range of motion are calculated. Biometrics Ltd Goniometers, connected to the DataLOG unit, are used in this study.
Keywords: Goniometers SG150 Physiotherapy Flexion Extension Injury Assessment Lower Extremity Sports Science Biomechanics Sweden 2015
Anna Trulsson, Michael Miller, Gert-Ake Hansson, Christina Gummesson, Martin Garwicz. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015, 16:28.
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers (SG150's) are used to collect knee flexion/extension data for this study assessing the effect of injury on movement, all subjects suffer from an anterior cruciate ligament injury on one side. Goniometer data is presented alongside other measured parameters to give a statistical analysis comparing the injured with the non-injured side.
Keywords: Goniometers EMG Elbow Flexion Elbow Extension Upper Extremity Biomechanics Germany 2015
Sylvie C. F. A. Von Werder, Tim Kleiber, Catherine Disselhorst-Klug. Frontiers in Physiology, February 2015, Volume 6, Article 30.
This study focuses on interpretation of surface EMG data; Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are used to provide the angular data corresponding to elbow flexion and extension movements performed by the subject population. A final discussion presents the differences of concentric/eccentric muscle activation when the elbow is in flexion/extension within determined angle ranges.
Keywords: Goniometers SG150 Rehabilitation Clinical Applications Walking Japan 2015
Hiroaki Yano, Naoki Tanaka, Kiyotaka Kamibayashi, Hideyuki Saitou, Hiroo Iwata. The Scientific World Journal Volume 2015, Article iD: 849831.
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are used to support this investigation into commercially releasing a new gait rehabilitation device developed for Stroke patients. Subjects are instructed to walk using the gait rehabilitation device and a 'real' sloped surface, Ankle Goniometer data is recorded to confirm that the new device allows for healthy motion.
Keywords: Goniometers SG110 Social Science Psychology Clinical Applications UK 2014
Joanne Lumsden, Lynden K. Miles, C. Neil Macrae. Frontiers in Psychology 2014, 5:1064.
Subjects involved in this study were requested to intentionally synchronize or avoid synchronizing with another participant performing the same exercise. Goniometer data was collected to confirm whether the synchronization/synchronization-avoidance was performed correctly, Biometrics Ltd SG110 Goniometers were placed on the elbows of the subjects and compared post data-acquisition. The goniometer results are presented with mood and self-esteem data for discussion.
Keywords: K800 Amplifier EMG Experimental Control Clinical Applications Neurology USA 2014
Alexander Opitz, Wynn Legon, Jerel Mueller, Aaron Barbour, Walter Paulus, William J. Tyler. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2014; 8: 1043.
Surface EMG is monitored throughout this study, to quantify the intensity of electrical pulses, using the Biometrics Ltd surface EMG sensor connected to the Biometrics Ltd K800 Amplifier. This surface EMG data is presented alongside EEG data from each experimental setup and the results are discussed.
Keywords: EMG DataLINK Ergonomics Upper Extremity DataLINK Analysis Software Fatigue USA 2014
Megan O. Conrad, Richard W. Marklin. J Ergonomics. Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorder 2014, S4:006
Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors are used to quantify which of the two Motorcycle clutch designs tested are the easiest to use. Muscle fatigue data is calculated within the DataLINK Analysis software by applying the Median Frequency filter to the raw EMG data. Muscle fatigue data is presented along with other measured parameters and discussed, the study concludes that muscle fatigue data is fundamental to assess the ergonomics of similar controls.
Keywords: Goniometers Sports Medicine Sports Science Injury Prevention Biomechanics Iran 2014
Seyed Mohsen Mir, Saeed Talebian, Nasrin Naseri, Mohammad-Reza Hadian. Journal of Physical Therapy Science. 2014 Oct; 26 (10): 1515-1518
Knee joint proprioception is analysed in this study on healthy subjects. Joint position sense (JPS) data collected using the Biometrics Ltd Goniometers, is used to analyse the stability of the knee joint. Throughout the duration of the study, subjects wearing Goniometers recreated determined joint angles to assess the relationship between joint angle and risk of injury.
Keywords: DataLOG EMG Stability Analysis Exercise Science Sports Science Biomechanics Korea 2014
Jae Yun Cha, Doo Chul Shin, Seung Ho Shin, Myung Mo Lee, Kyoung Jin Lee, Chang Ho Song. Journal of Physical Therapy Science. 2014 May; 26(5): 749-751
EMG data, collected using the Biometrics Ltd DataLOG unit, is used to assess core muscle activity of a subject population performing shoulder exercises. A variety of parameters were analysed to confirm whether or not the core muscles are affected by changes in surface stability or exercise intensity. The DataLOG unit recorded data from all of the identified core muscles simultaneously to allow for a statistical comparison.
Keywords: Goniometers SG150 Stability Pain Posture Biomechanics Clinical Applications Japan 2014
Risa Iwasaki, Ginga Yokoyama, Satoshi Kawabata, Tomotaka Suzuki. Journal of Physical Therapy Science. 2014 Jan; 26(1): 57-61
This study aims to analyse the physical characteristics of subjects carrying out a lifting activity in order to contribute to information regarding the mechanism and development of low back pain. Two Biometrics Ltd Goniometers were applied at specific points along the backbone of each subject for the duration of the experiment. The effects of lifting with and without load are discussed and verified using Goniometer and muscle activity data.
Keywords: Goniometers Range of Motion Hip Flexion Hip Extension Stroke Rehabilitation Clinical Applications Korea 2014
Myung-chul Kim, Seul-Ki Han, Seung-kyun Kim. Jouranl of Physical Therapy Science. 2014 Aug; 26(8): 1143-1146
Goniometer data is used to determine the hip range of motion of stroke patients walking and crossing obstacles in two different environments. Hip flexion and extension values are presented in a comparative analysis alongside other measured parameters. The discussion leads on to highlight the benefits of underwater physical therapy for Stroke patients.
Keywords: DataLOG Sports Science Goniometers Biomechanics Thailand 2014
Sutima Thibordeeand, Owrawan Prasartwuth. Chaing Mai University Journal of Natural Science (2014) Vol, 13(1)
This study aims to discover the relationship between the impact force of a kick and ankle joint motion. Joint angle is quantified using Biometrics Ltd Goniometers connected to the DataLOG unit, Goniometer data is discussed along with other measured parameters to identify three kick phases as well as the significant differences between kicks resulting in both high and low impact forces.
Keywords: Goniometers Prosthetics Elbow Extension Upper Extremity Neurology Clinical Applications USA 2014
Reva E. Johnson, Konrad P. Kording, Levi J. Hargrove, Jonathon W. Sensinger. Fronteirs in Neuroscience 2014; 8: 302
This study aims to determine the relationship between prosthesis control and adaptation behaviour. Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are used to quantify joint angle data for the angle control analysis portion of the experiment. Data from this study suggests that skilled and co-ordinated movement is possible with improved prosthesis control systems.
Keywords: Goniometers SG150 Pain Knee Lower Limb ROM Rehabilitation Clinical Applications Japan 2014
Yoshiyuki Hirakawa, Michiya Hara, Akira Fujiwara, Hirofumi Hanada, Shu Morioka. Pain Research and Management. 2014 Sep-Oct; 19(5): 251-256
The subject population was evaluated at determined time intervals post TKA surgery. Biometrics Ltd Goniometers were used to measure hip ROM during active movement. Goniometer data is presented alongside other measured parameters to determine how significantly neglect-like symptoms contributed to pain.
Keywords: Goniometers SG75 Upper Limb Stroke Rehabilitation Clinical Applications Neurology UK 2014
Katie L Meadmore, Timothy A. Exell, Emma Hallewell, Ann-Marie Hughes, Chris T. Freeman, Mustafa Kutlu, Valerie Benson, Eric Rogers, Jane H. Burridge. Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation 2014, 11:105
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are placed on the wrist of subjects completing a variety of tasks focused on reaching and opening and closing of the hand, all subjects were stroke patients meeting a specified study criterion. Goniometer data is presented as a statistical comparison to evaluate the benefits of functional electrical stimulation in upper limb stroke rehabilitation.
Keywords: DataLOG Goniometer EMG Spasticity Stroke Upper Limb Physiotherapy Clinical Applications Spasticity in Stroke UK 2014
Cameron Lindsay, Julie Simpson, Sissi Ispoglou, Steve G. Sturman, Anand D. Pandyan. Trials 2014, 15:12
This proposed study involves the use of Biometrics Ltd Goniometers, connected to the DataLOG unit for recording maximum wrist/elbow flexion and extension. Data will be collected at determined time intervals following stroke, some of the patients will be receiving treatment throughout the duration of the study and some patients will receive a placebo (no treatment). All data collected will be analysed to provide values for spasticity over a period of time which will verify the clinical effects of treatment.
Keywords: EMG DataLINK Parkinson's Disease Muscle Activation Clinical Applications Lower Extremity Neurology USA 2014
Amir Pourmoghaddam, Marius Dettmer, Daniel P. O'Conner, William H. Paloski, Charles S. Layne. Parkinson's disease Volume 2015, Article iD: 497825
Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors were applied to the subject population throughout the duration of this study. EMG sensors were connected to the DataLINK unit where data was exported and analysed using the SYNERGOS technique. All study participants were in the early stages of Parkinson's disease, EMG data was collected before and after taking an anti-Parkinsonian medication so that the relationship between muscle activation and medication can be determined and discussed.
Keywords: Goniometers SG150 Lower Limb Knee Sports Science Biomechanics Iran 2014
Ali Moradi, Reza Rajabi, Hooman Minoonejad, Marzieh Aghaei. Physical Treatments July 2014, Volume 4, Number 2.
Knee Goniometer data is fundamental in determining the relationship between stretching and knee joint position sense. Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are applied to the knee joint of each study participants who were instructed to recreate a specific knee joint angle before and after a period of stretching. Results are discussed and compared with existing research.
Keywords: Goniometers Lower Limb Clinical Applications Neurology Japan 2014
Giuseppe Lisi, Tomoyuki Noda, Jun Morimoto. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience 2014; 8: 85
Finger angle was measured using a Biometrics Ltd Goniometer throughout the duration of this finger-tapping study. Subjects were instructed to tap their finger (right hand side or left hand side) while a lower limb assistive robot perturbed the leg. Observations from the initial comparison are discussed to determine the effect on finger tapping when the leg is perturbed.
Keywords: Goniometers Lower Limb Sports Science Rehabilitation Clinical Applications Israel 2014
Navi Roth, Avi Wiener, Joseph Mizrahi. Characterization of major muscles in cycling FES - The European Journal of Translational Myology - Basic Applied Myology 2014; 24 (3): 163-171
This study primarily focuses on measuring muscle activity in subjects participating in cycling movements. Biometrics Goniometers placed on the ankle, knee and hip of subjects are used to determine the limb linkage kinematics which will be used to help interpret the muscle activity data collected. Results from this study are important in movement rehabilitation applications.
Keywords: EMG Sports Science Neurology Japan 2014
Matsuura R, Arimitsu T, Yunoki T, Kimura T, Yamanaka R, Yano T. Biology of Sport, Volume 32, No.1 2015
Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors were placed over the Vastus Lateralis muscle of each subject performing cycling sprints, raw EMG data is converted into RMS data for inclusion in a statistical analysis along with other measured parameters. Cycling sprints were performed under temperature controlled environments in order to identify the relationship between environmental temperature and neuromuscular efficiency.
Keywords: DataLINK EMG Upper Limb Ergonomics DataLINK Analysis Software USA 2014
Evanda Henry, Stephanie Richmond, Nashrag Shah, Arijit Sengupta. The XXVIth Annual Occupational Ergonomics and Safety Conference - El Paso TX, June 5-6, 2014
This study focuses on comparing subject-rated comfort scores with quantified EMG measurements in order to determine the most ergonomical stylus grip. EMG data from Biometrics Ltd EMG electrodes connected to the DataLINK unit are used in this study, all data is analysed using the Biometrics Ltd DataLINK Analysis Software and presented in the results section. This study confirms that EMG data alone is not the only factor contributing to comfort scores.
Keywords: EMG Upper Limb Ergonomics DataLOG Iran 2014
Majid Motamedzade, Davood Afshari, Alireza Soltanian. Health Promotion Perspectives, 2014, 4(2), 144-150
This ergonomics study evaluates two 'carpet weaving' workstations and the effect that each has on shoulder EMG activity. Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors are applied bilaterally to the shoulder muscles of subjects, EMG sensors are connected to the DataLOG unit and data is collected over a four hour period for each workstation. A statistical analysis highlights the benefits of the ergonomically designed workstation and a brief discussion identifies the hazards of the traditional workstation, all conclusions are supported by the EMG data collected.
Keywords: DataLINK EMG Upper Limb Stoke Rehabilitation Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Clinical Applications DataLINK Analysis Software UK 2014
Aamd M. Alasker. Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering Vol. 07 No.13 (2014), Article iD: 51289
EMG data is collected from subjects throughout the duration of the study using Biometrics Ltd EMG electrodes connected to the Biometrics DataLINK unit. All subjects are instructed to perform a variety of computer based tests following training to confirm muscle performance in healthy individuals. The results from this study are discussed to highlight the importance of applying EMG control technology as a clinical rehabilitation technique for patients with poor muscle control particularly stroke/spinal cord patients.
Keywords: DataLOG EMG DataLOG Analysis Software Neurology Clinical Applications Lithuania 2014
Marius Brazaitis, Nerijus Eimantas, Laura Daniuseviciute, Dalia Mickeviciene, Rasa Steponaviciute, Albertas Skurvydas. PLoS ONE October 2, 2014
EMG sensors connected to the Biometrics Ltd DataLOG unit are used to determine muscle reflex following EMS. This data is recorded for each participant pre and post exposure to a prolonged cold environment. The EMG data along with an extensive range of other measured parameters is used to provide a statistical analysis comparing the human response of cold-water immersion between two identified study population groups.
Keywords: Goniometers SG75 Wrist Biomechanics Ergonomics Denmark 2014
Thomas Heliskov-Hansenm Susanne Wulff Svendsen, Jane Fr?lund Thomsen, Sigurd Mikkelsen, Gert-Ake Hansson. PLoS ONE November 3, 2014
Bilateral wrist joint movements are recorded for a subject population containing an equal number of male and female participants all working in the painting industry. Biometrics Ltd SG75 Goniometers are used to record flexion/extension and radial/ulnar deviation of subjects completing a typical days' work. Questionnaire results are compared with the experimental statistics and discussed in order to confirm the differences between the two groups as well as the validity of the questionnaire used.
Keywords: Goniometers F35 Finger Biomechanics Neurology Italy 2014
Aimola E, Valle MS, Casabona A. PLoS ONE 9(10) 2014
This muscle reflex/response study aims to confirm if the muscle activity required to move a determined weight can be predicted once the subject is familiar with the movement. A Biometrics Ltd F35 Goniometer is applied to quantify the finger joint movement during each sub-analysis involving the movement of known weight objects. Goniometer data along with other measured parameters is presented and discussed.
Keywords: Goniometers Knee Hip Ankle Gait Analysis Sports Science Biomechanics Canada 2014
E Paul Zehr, Tsuyoshi Nakajima, Trevor Barss, Taryn Klarner, Stefanie Miklosovic, Rinaldo A Mezzarane, Matthew Nurse, Tomoyoshi Komiyama. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014, 6:33
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are used to verify the knee, hip and ankle joint throughout the duration of this Gait Analysis study. Goniometer data is collected and presented as a statistical comparison to determine the gait response when cutaneous electrical stimulation is applied to five foot muscles.
Keywords: ACL300 Accelerometer Goniometer Mechanomyography MMG Muscle Fatigue Neurology Kuwait 2014
Mohamed R. Al-Mulla, Francisco Sepulveda. Sensors 2014, 1 4(6)
Mechanomyography (muscle vibration) is recorded using the Biometrics Ltd ACL300 Accelerometer applied over the muscle belly; a Biometrics Ltd Goniometer over the elbow is used to determine joint movement. Accelerometer and Goniometer data are analysed post data-acquisition to compare alternate signal processing options and confirm the most suitable analysis technique.
Keywords: Goniometers SG65 EMG Ergonomics Upper Limb Biomechanics Japan 2014
Nobuyoshi Hashimoto. Bulletin. Hiroshima Institute of Technology. Research Vol.49 (2015) 83-87
This study aims to determine the requirements of a welding simulator in order to reduce the risks involved with training inexperienced individuals. Subjects, including welding professionals and beginners, are instructed to perform several welding-based tasks while a Biometrics Ltd Goniometer, attached to the wrist, and Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors recorded valuable movement data. The data collected is presented along with the outcome of the welding tasks to confirm the significant differences between the two subject groups.
Keywords: DataLOG EMG Singapore 2014
V Ranawana, MK-S Leow, CJK Henry. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2014) 68, 137-139
Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors are connected to the DataLOG unit which is used in this study to document the effects that Mastication has on the glycaemic index of food. EMG data was fundamental to recording not only the number of times a subject chewed but also mastication rate and other important parameters.
Keywords: DataLOG EMG, Trunk Stability Exercise Surface Sports Flexi-Bar Korea 2014
Jung-Hee Kim, Ki-Hyun So, Yu-Ri Bae, Byoung-Hee Lee. J. Phys. Ther. Sci. 26: 229-233, 2014
Trunk stability was examined during this study with the help of the Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors connected to the DataLOG unit. Subjects were instructed to perform several exercises on both stable and unstable surfaces with and without using the flexi-bar training instrument. EMG data was analysed to present a relationship between trunk stability and the exercise/exercise surface.
Keywords: Goniometers Stroke Rehabilitation Fall Prevention Clinical Applications Biomechanics Neurology Taiwan 2013
I-Husan Chen, Yea-Ru Yangm Shih-Jung Cheng, Rai-Chi Chan, Ray-Yau Wang. Chinese Journal of Physiology 57(3): 128-136, 2014
This study utilises data recorded from four Biometrics Ltd Goniometers placed bilaterally on the knee and ankle of study participants to quantify the joint angles of a turning movement. Goniometer data is presented along with other measured parameters to identify whether or not there is a pattern in patients post-stroke performing a turning movement and if there is a relationship between the turning direction and falls.
Keywords: Goniometers SG150 Lower Limb Injury Risk Knee Joint Stability Sports Science Biomechanics Neurology UK 2013
Ricci Hannah, Claire Minshull, Stephanie L. Smith, Jonathon P. Folland. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2013.
Joint stabilisation is monitored throughout this study by focusing on each phase of muscle activation. Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are used bilaterally on all study participants to quantify knee joint angle during flexion and extension. The Goniometer data is fundamental to determine joint angle when the hamstrings and quadriceps are active to confirm whether or not these muscles are balanced in regards to their respective explosive forces, the results are discussed to consider the importance of this study in terms of risk of knee injury.
Keywords: ACL300 Accelerometer Biomechanics Clinical Applications Neurology UK 2013
John-Stuart Brittain, Penny Probert-Smith, Tipu Z. Aziz, Peter Brown. Current Biology 23, 436-440, March 4, 2013
Biometrics Ltd Accelerometers are used to assess tremor in patients suffering from tremor-dominant Parkinson's disease. The ACL300 Accelerometer was secured to each subject throughout the duration of the study which aims to determine the effect of TACS stimulation frequency on tremor. A secondary experiment confirms the relationship between stimulation frequency and tremor which is discussed further.
Keywords: DataLOG Goniometers Knee Extension Biomechanics Lower Extremity Range of Motion Gait Analysis USA 2013
Patricia Teran-Yengle, H. John Yack. 2013. XXIV Congress of the International society of Biomechanics. XV Brazilian Congress of Biomechanics.
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers were placed on the knees of study participants, this study aimed to collect knee extension data for a target population over a 6-10 hour period. The Biometrics Ltd DataLOG unit was used to allow for complete data acquisition (save to card mode) while the subjects carried out a typical 'work' day. Data was analysed post collection to quantify knee range of motion and knee extension changes when participating in different activities.
Keywords: Dynamometer Grip Neurology Parkinson's Disease UK 2013
Huiling Tan, Alek Pogosyan, Anam Anzak, Thomas Foltynie, Patricia Limousin, Ludvic Zrinzo, Keyoumars Ashkan, Marko Bogdanovic, Alexander L. Green , Tipu Aziz , Peter Brown. Experimental Neurology 240 (2013) 122-129
This grip analysis study documents a relationship between age and effects of medication within a group of patients suffering from Parkinson's disease. Each subject is instructed to grip (using the Biometrics Ltd Dynamometer) after an LED cue. Age matched healthy (non-Parkinson's disease) subjects are included as a control group. Multiple force parameters are documented including time delay (from cue to grip) and grip strength over the experimental period.
Keywords: Goniometer DataLOG Posture Analysis Office Ergonomics Environment Pain Spinal Damage Canada 2013
Brian C. Nairn, Nadia R. Azar and Janessa D.M. Drake. (2013) IIE Transactions on Occupational Ergonomics and Human Factors, 1:1, 76-81
Two Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are used per subject during this study; Goniometers are connected to the Biometrics DataLOG. The posture of participants within this study is monitored; both the spinal joint angles (two spinal locations) and pain scores are used to determine the long term effects of sitting at a computer/desk within an office environment.
Keywords: Goniometers Age Related Muscle Damage Exercise Evaluation Lithuania 2013
Giedrius Gorianovas, Albertas Skurvydas, Vytautas Streckis, Marius Brazaitis, Sigitas Kamandulis, and Malachy P. McHugh. Hindawi Publishing Corporation BioMed Research International Volume 2013
A Biometrics Ltd Goniometer was used on an array of subjects in order to document muscle damage. Subjects ranged in age to determine whether age is a factor in the magnitude of indirect symptoms of muscle damage. The Goniometer specifically was used to control the knee joint angle during an exercise session.
Keywords: DataLOG EMG Resistance Exercise Perfect Push-up Sports ForcePlates DFP4 Upper Extremity Muscle Study USA 2013
Caroline C. Allen, Katie A. Dean, Alan P. Jung, John K. Petrella. 2013 International Journal of Exercise Science 278-288
A multitude of Biometrics ltd sensors are used to conduct this muscle activity study. Subjects (all male) were instructed to perform two different types of push-up, each push-up was performed with the participants' hands on separate Biometrics Ltd ForcePlates. EMG sensors were attached to upper body muscles and both the ForcePlates and EMG sensors were connected to the DataLOG unit. Results are presented comparing the 'regular' push-up with the learned 'perfect' push-up.
Keywords: DataLOG Goniometers Stroke Rehabilitation EMG Neurology Clinical Applications Range of Motion Analysis Software Korea 2013
Go-Un Jung, Tae-Ho Moon, Gun-Woo Park, Jun-Young Lee, Byoung-Hee Lee. J.Phys.Ther.Sci. 25: 147-151, 2013
This study involved an analysis of stroke patients, the Biometrics Ltd Goniometers and EMG sensors were used to document range of motion and other clinical measurements. The Biometrics Ltd DataLOG with analysis software was used. Study participants were split into two groups in order to discover the effects of EMG-Triggered electric stimulation.
Keywords: EMG DataLINK Software Comfort Ergonomics Productivity Upper Extremity India 2013
Asmar Husain, Abid Ali Kahn, Faisal Hasan. 2013. International Journal of Advancements in Technology Vol.4, No. 1
This study utilises Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors connected to the DataLINK unit in order to document the effects of screwdriver handle ergonomics. Data is analysed using Biometrics Ltd DataLINK Analysis software and compared with comfort data along with productivity results. As the experimental variables change, data is collected and displayed with regards to each measured parameter.
Keywords: DataLOG Goniometers Torsiometers Physical Therapy Upper Extremity Health Evaluation Reproducibility of Results Brazil 2013
Fabiana A. Foltran; Luciana C. C. B. Silva; Tatiana O. Sato; Helenice J. C. G. Coury. 2013. Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy. Vol 17 No.1
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers and Torsiometers were used for this study, sensors were connected to the DataLOG unit and data was exported for analysis. Several mathematical correction protocols were applied to the data in order to reduce cross talk however findings suggest that no correction methods significantly altered results.
Keywords: Goniometer Pain Knee Clinical Applications Lower Extremity Flexion Exercise Iran 2012
H. Minoonejad, R. Rajabi, E. Ebrahimi-Takamjani, M. H. Alizadeh, A. A. Jamshidi, A. Azhari, E. Fatehi. 2012. World Journal of Sport Sciences 6 (3): 278-285
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are used to monitor knee flexion during this study to document the effects of exercise on patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) sufferers. Data was collected before and after a six week period so that a statistical analysis could be carried out comparing results from the control group with the exercise group. The Goniometers were placed on the leg of participants from both subject groups; knee flexion was recorded for a stair climbing activity while pain scores were communicated.
Keywords: EMG DataLINK Lower Limb Lower Extremity Sports Performance Injury Reduction UK 2012
Peter K. Thain, Ashley K. Richardson, Andrew C.S.Mitchell. 2012. BASES Biomechanics Interest Group 27th Easter Meeting
Muscle reaction time was monitored during this study using Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors connected to the DataLINK unit. Study participants were instructed to stand barefoot on two platforms, one of which moves to simulate ankle sprain, EMG sensors were attached to the lower limb to document the muscle reaction time. A wet ice treatment was applied midway through data acquisition to confirm if this 'ice application'? effects the time taken for each of the three muscles studied to react thus affecting the performance/risk of injury of the athlete/subject.
Keywords: DataLOG Goniometer Lower Extremity Neurology Ankle Knee Hip Gait Analysis Serbia 2012
Ivana Milovanovic, Dejan B. Popovic 2012. Computational Mathematical Methods in Medicine 2012. 649743
Participants of this study had all suffered neurological deficits caused by stroke; subgroups were determined by the time period elapsed since the stroke (less than and more than six months). A variety of Biometrics Ltd Goniometers were used with the DataLOG unit in order to quantify joint movement during a walking exercise. Goniometers were placed on both hips and knees of subjects, the paretic and nonparetic leg was documented and used as the primary analysis, a secondary analysis is presented as a comparison between data collected from the sub-populations.
Keywords: DataLINK Goniometer Ergonomics Torsiometer EMG Digital Event Marker UE Analysis Software USA 2012
Adam de Laveaga, Michael C. Wadman, Laura Wirth and M. Susan Hallbeck. Work 41 (2012) 4692-4698
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers, Torsiometers and EMG sensors were simultaneously used during this study. All sensors were connected to the DataLINK unit and data was analysed using the DataLINK analysis software. Subjects were instructed to complete several tasks to do with endotracheal intubation; a simulator was used and adjusted to monitor the effects of changing intubation posture.
Keywords: Goniometers DataLINK Analysis Ergonomics Software Wrist Angle Elbow UE Angle Range of Motion Single-Incision Laproscopy Human Factors USA 2012
Bernadette McCrorya, Bethany R. Lowndesa, Laura M. Wirtha, Adam E. de Laveagaa, Chad A. LaGrangeb and M. Susan Hallbeck. Work 41 (2012) 1884-1890
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers (SG65 and SG110) were applied to each subject's dominant wrist and elbow. A surgical simulator set up was used in order to document wrist flexion/extension and radial/ulnar deviation during LESS (Laproendoscopic Single-Site Surgery). The Goniometers were connected to the Biometrics Ltd DataLINK unit, all data was analysed using the DataLINK analysis software.
Keywords: Lower Back Goniometer Range of Biomechanics Motion Spine Rehabilitation USA 2011
Chet R. Whitley, Janet S. Dufek 2011. International Journal of Exercise Science 4(3) 2011 p192-198
Study participants were instructed to complete a backward walking programme in order to document the effects this would have. A Biometrics Ltd SG150/B Goniometer was placed on each subject's lower back to document their lower back-range of motion over the experimental period. After the experimental period, the range of motion data combined with the flexibility data of individual participants is presented and discussed.
Keywords: DataLOG EMG Gait Analysis Lower Extremity Foot Switches Lower Limb USA 2011
Timothy A Thrasher, John S Ward, Stanley Fisher 2011. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2011, 8:65
Eight Biometrics Ltd Surface EMG sensors are positioned on the lower limbs of each study participant; all sensors were connected to the DataLOG unit including foot switches (inside the subjects' shoes). An exercise protocol is followed including treadmill walking so that a complete gait analysis data set is acquired. This data is manipulated post data acquisition in order to identify rhythmic locomotor patterns.
Keywords: Goniometers Ergonomics DataLOG Pain UE Wrist Finger Injury Flexiforce Sensors DataLOG Software SG65 F35 USA 2011
Rick Hall 2011. Focus on Tomorrow. WorkSafeBC
This study aims to quantify the forces that nurse uses when administering treatment, a comparison between traditional syringes and a prototype syringe is documented. A variety of Biometrics Ltd sensors are simultaneously connected to the DataLOG unit, F35 Goniometers are placed on the fingers while the SG65 is attached to the wrist. Flexiforce sensors are also used with the DataLOG unit, all angle and force data is captured using the DataLOG software. Study participants were instructed to follow the test protocol using each syringe so that results could be compared and discussed.
Keywords: DataLOG EMG Foot Orthoses Sports Treadmill Running Lower Limb Qatar 2011
Luke A. Kelly, Olivier Girard, Sebastien Racinais 2011. Official Journal of the American college of Medicine. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol 43, No 12, pp 2335-2343
Biometrics Ltd equipment (EMG sensors connected to the DataLOG unit) was used to collect data for this comparison study. The study population consisted of male recreational athletes, each subject was instructed to complete an hours' run while lower limb EMG data was measured, along with other parameters. The positioning of the EMG surface electrodes was marked so that the experiment could be repeated with all participants wearing foot orthoses in their running shoes. A comparative analysis is detailed.
Keywords: Goniometer Coordination Wrist UE USA 2011
Charles Coey, Manuel Varlet, R.C. Schmidt, Michael J. Richardson. 2011. Experimental Brain Research (2011) 211:483-493
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are used in this study to document angular wrist changes of two coordination-based experiments. All participants were instructed to carry out 'pendulum swinging' experiments in order to monitor the effects of coordination while under two different test conditions. The Goniometer data is used to present a statistical analysis of the two experiments so that a relationship between interpersonal coordination and intrapersonal coordination.
Keywords: DataLOG Vibrational Analysis BMI Whole Body Vibration Sports New Zealand 2011
Ramakrishnan Mani, Stephan Milosavljevic, S. John Sullivan (2011). The Ergonomics Open Journal, 4, 1-9
A Biometrics DataLOG unit is mounted onto the back of a quad bike used in this vibrational analysis study. Subjects travelled on the quad bike over a variety of terrains in order to analyse the level of whole body vibration that they were exposed to. Subject Body Mass Index (BMI) is fundamental to this experiment in order to document the relationship between BMI and whole body vibration.
Keywords: Goniometer Hamstring Flexibility Bowen Technique Lower Extremity Randomised Control Trial UK 2011
Michelle Marr, Julian Baker, Nicky Lambon, Jo Perry. 2011, Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 15, 281-290
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers were used to document flexibility for this study examining the effects of using the Bowen technique. Each subject was instructed to raise their dominant leg into the air to the point of mild tension in the thigh; this end-point measurement was used in the final comparisons. Participants reached this point before and after therapy to record not only the effect of the treatment but also the long term effects over a period of time.
Keywords: DataLOG SX230 EMG Analysis Software Sports Exercise Lower Extremity Physiology Lower Extremity UK 2011
N Ball, J Scurr; Journal Of Exercise Physiology, Vol 14 Number 4 August 2011
Biometrics Ltd DataLOG with analysis software and SX230 EMG used to measure EMG activity to assess the effect of different muscle actions, velocity, and load on the bilateral EMG response of the triceps surae.
Keywords: Grip Dynamometer Reliability Validity Test-Retest UE Australia 2011
D Allen, F Barnett; International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation 18(5)258-265 (May 2011)
The purpose of this study was to establish the concurrent validity and test-retest reliability of the Biometrics electronic Dynamometer, and compare it with the criterion standard hydraulic Jamar dynamometer for measurement of grip strength among healthy participants. Conclusions in the results discussion include: "The concurrent validity between the Biometrics and Jamar Dynamometers was found to be excellent for both the right (0.986) and left hands (0.983),and indicates that both the Jamar and Biometrics dynamometers measure the same construct of grip strength. Results also indicate that the Biometrics Dynamometer is a valid tool for measuring grip strength." and "Electronic Dynamometers also have increased sensitivity to applied force, which therefore enables electronic Dynamometers, such as the Biometrics to record low grip strength that may not have registered on the Jamar." The Practical implications state: "This study has established that the Biometrics E-LINK evaluation system is a valid and reliable measurement tool to use by rehabilitation professionals."
Keywords: DataLOG P3X8 SX230 EMG Mastication UK 2011
H Jan Smit, E K Kemsley, H S Tapp, C Jeya, K Henry; Appetite - 1168 Feb 2011
Biometrics Ltd DataLOG and EMG used to measure bilateral EMG activity of masseter muscle and anterior portion temporalis muscles during chewing of food.
Keywords: Spasticity ARAT EMG Neurology Goniometers Stroke Muscle Activity Force Range of Motion Stiffness Pain UE Wrist Contracture UK 2011
S Malhotra, AD Pandyan, S Rosewilliam, C Roffe, H Hermens; Clinical Rehabilitation 2011; 25: 184-191
Biometrics Ltd equipment is used to identify a relationship between upper limb functional recovery and the development of spasticity in stroke patients over a quantified time. A combination of Biometrics sensors including Goniometers and EMG probes were used along with a force transducer to evaluate range of motion muscle activity and force simultaneously during exercise. With this data, clinicians are capable of studying the development of spasticity and wrist contractures over time in addition to confirming the relationship between spasticity, function and contracture development.
Keywords: DataLOG EMG Running Sports Lower Extremity Lower Extremity Iran 2011
SS Bonab, B Tarverdizadeh, MA Azarbayjani, YS Zamani; World Applied Sciences Journal, 13 (3) 2011 pages 552 - 557
Biometrics Ltd DataLOG and EMG used to measure EMG activity in Gastrocnemius muscle whilst running on a treadmill, comparing athletes with non-athletes.
Keywords: DataLINK EMG SX230 Stroke Neurology Clinical Applications Lower Extremity Cycling Exercise UK 2011
N Hancock, L Shepstone, P Rowe, PK Myint, V Pomeroy; Trials 2011 12:68
Biometrics Ltd DataLink and EMG sensors (SX230) used to measure muscle activity in early stroke patients during stationary bike pedalling exercise.
Keywords: DataLOG Analysis SW Neurology ACL300 Accelerometers Clinical Applications Vibration Bone Density Lower Extremity USA 2011
B Ezenwa, HT Yeoh; Journal Of Rehabilitation Research & Development Volume 48, Number 2, 2011 pages 179 - 190
Biometrics Ltd Accelerometer ACL300 and DataLog with analysis software were used in this study of use of vibration to improve bone density.
Keywords: DataLOG ACL300 Gait Accelerometers Sports Science Lower Extremity UK 2011
A Greenhalgh, J Sinclair, A Leat, N Chockaligam; Footwear Science Volume 3 Supplement 1 September 2011
Biometrics DataLOG and ACL300 Accelerometer used to measure impact shocks runners experienced in varying conditions.
Keywords: DataLOG Force Sensors Clinical Applications Orthodonics Italy 2011
D Di Fazio, L Lombardo, A Gracco, P D'Amico, G Siciliani; American Journal Of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics January 2011 Pages e1 - e6
Biometrics Ltd DataLOG with analysis software and flexible force sensors were used to measure lip pressure at rest and whilst swallowing.
Keywords: DataLOG EMG Aging Older Adults Long-Term EMG Muscle Activity Muscle UE Quiescence Lower Limb Upper Limb Canada 2010
Olga Theou, Gareth R. Jones, Anthony A. Vandervoort, Jennifer M. Jakobi 2010. Experimental Gerontology 25 (2010) 909-917
This frailty study relied on acquisition of quantified EMG measurements recorded over a significant time period (9/10 hour). Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors connected to the DataLOG unit allowed each study participant to freely go about their regular day while EMG data from their upper and lower limbs was collected and stored within the DataLOG unit (save to card mode). Data was analysed post data acquisition and combined with other quantified parameters to discuss the relationship between muscle activity and frailty category.
Keywords: EMG DataLINK Crosstalk UE Forearm Flexors Grip Korea 2010
Yong-Ku Kong, M. Susan Hallbeck, Myung-Chul Jung (2010). Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 20, 1223-1229
This crosstalk analysis utilises the Biometrics Ltd Surface EMG sensors connected to the DataLINK unit. Subjects were measured and EMG sensors were applied to specific points of their forearms, EMG data was then recorded during static grip exercises. Post data acquisition filtering is applied to the EMG data to present the effects of crosstalk.
Keywords: Dynamometer DataLINK UE Key-Pinch Strength Grip Carpal Clinical Applications Tunnel Syndrome Poland 2010
Bernard Piotuch, Andrzej zyluk. 2010 Polski Prezeglad chirurgiczny, 82, 6, 347-353
Participants of this study had recently undergone carpal tunnel surgery. The analysis aims to investigate the results from a patient questionnaire with quantitative data recorded. The Biometrics Ltd dynamometer connected to the DataLINK unit was used to record grip strength for the subject population pre and post-surgery.
Keywords: Goniometers Wrist Range of Motion Computer Users UE Wrist Flexion Ergonomics Canada 2010
Ronald A Burgess, William F Pavlosky, R Terry Thompson. 2010. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 11:273
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are applied to the wrists of study participants, all subjects are regular computer users. Goniometer data collected is used in combination with MRI data in order to document the effects of long term computer use on the wrist. A sub analysis included splitting subjects into either an asymptomatic or symptomatic group.
Keywords: Goniometers Wrist Flexion Finger Flexion Functional UE Electrical Stimulation Serbia 2010
Nebojsa Malesevic, Lana Popovic, Goran Bijelic, Goran Kvascev. 2010. Journal of Automatic Control, University of Belgrade, Vol. 20:53-58
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are applied to the finger and wrist of participants in this study. The objective of this analysis is to test muscle twitch responses of subjects when exposed to two different types of electrical stimulation. The Biometrics Ltd Goniometers were fundamental in assessing the continuous pulse stimulation response; this data was them compared with that from the single current pulse stimulation.
Keywords: Grip Dynamometer Reliability Strength Arthritis UE UK 2010
D Kennedy, C Jerosch-Herold, M Hickson; Journal of Hand Therapy Oct-Dec 2010; 23:384-391
A Biometrics Ltd Dynamometer was used to measure the test-retest reliability of one vs. three trials. The Implications for Practice included: "The results of this study demonstrate levels of test-retest reliability (ICC -0.91) for the evaluation of one and the mean of three trials of pain-free grip strength tested using the Biometrics E-LINK evaluation system in participants with RA....A change in grip strength as small as 1.6 kg may be indicative of meaningful clinical change in RA patients; therefore, grip should be evaluated with an instrument with adequate sensitivity to detect this magnitude of change."
Keywords: Spasticity Botulinum Neurology Toxin Stroke Elbow Wrist Arm Function UE Grip Strength Range of Motion EMG Goniometer Dynamometer DataLINK ARAT UK 2010
Elizabeth Cousins, Anthony Ward, Christine Roffe, Lesley Rimington, Anand Pandyan; clinical Rehabilitation 2010; 24: 501-513
A variety of Biometrics Ltd sensors are used to measure arm function and spasticity in stroke patients. Sensors used include the Dynamometer, EMG probes, Goniometers and a custom built, hand held force transducer all connected to the Biometrics Ltd DataLINK unit. Data was recorded at distinct time intervals post stroke in order to document arm function recovery of two control groups, one group were administered a low dose of botulinum toxin early on after stroke while the other was administered a placebo.
Keywords: Grip Dynamometer Pinchmeter Strength Orthopedic UE Ireland 2010
O Flannery, M Naughton, A Walsh; European Journal of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology 2010, vol 20, pp 131-135
Biometrics Ltd Dynamometer and Pinchmeter were used in this study to compare the outcome of two different treatments for dorsally displaced distal radial fractures.
Keywords: E-LINK Goniometer Range of Motion Orthopedic UE Switzerland 2010
J Sonderegger, S Schindele, M Rau, J G Gruenert; Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 2010, 130:1263-1268
This study examined the results and complications of using a palmer plate system for treatment of unstable distal radius fractures. The range of motion of both the injured and contralateral wrist was measured using an Biometrics Ltd E-LINK Goniometer.
Keywords: Grip Dynamometer Strength Cardiology Rehabilitation Spain 2010
E Martinez-Quintana, G Miranda-Calderin, A Ugarte-Lopetegui, F Rodreguez-Gonzalez; Congenital Heart Disease 2010,5:44-50
A Biometrics Ltd grip dynamometer was used to measure grip strength in this study of the effects of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation in patients with congenital heart disease and pulmonary hypertension.
Keywords: EMG SX230 Goniometers SG65 Ergonomics Workplace Analysis UE China 2010
YT Chen, CY Chen, HW Liang, TR Chang, YH Hwang; Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health 18:p1-14 2010
Biometrics Ltd EMG used to monitor activities of extensor digitorum communis (EDC) and flexor digitorium superficialis (FDS) during various hand activities while the Biometrics Ltd Goniometer simultaneously measured the wrist movement and number of repetitions.
Keywords: DataLOG P3X8 EMG SX230 Muscle Fatigue Lower Extremity Lithuania 2010
L Daniuseviciute, K Pukenas, M Brazaitis, A Skurvydas, S Sipaviciene, I Ramanauskiene, V Linonis; Electronics and Electrical Engineering 2010 No. 8(104), Medicine Technology T115
Biometrics Ltd DataLOG and EMG sensors used to recorded muscle activity of Vastus lateralis and biceps femoris during jumping activity for fatigue analysis.
Keywords: DataLOG SG150 Goniometer Q150 Torsiometer Analysis Software Biomechanics Cervical Spine Biomechanics USA 2010
C P Miller, J E Bible, K A Jegede, P G Whang, J N Grauer; Spine 2010, 35(26) E1546-E1552
This study used a dynamic motion analysis system comprised of" Biometrics Ltd DataLOG, Goniometer, Torsiometer, and Analysis Software. "This system allows for the accurate calculation of the flexion/extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation of the cervical spine.""
Keywords: DataLOG Goniometer Analysis Neurology Software Neurogenic Gait Claudication Lumbar Spine UK 2010
C M Comer, M I Johnson, P R Marchant, A C Redmond, H A Bird, P G Conaghan; Archives Of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Volume 91 Issue 1 p15-19 January 2010
Biometrics Ltd DataLOG, Goniometer, and Analysis Software used to measure spinal angle during testing of walking tolerance.
Keywords: DataLOG W4X8 SX230 EMG Robot Teleoperation UK 2010
H Farid, G Nia, J A R Cannan, M A Oskoei, H Hu, University OF Essex Publication CES-507
Biometrics Ltd DataLOG and EMG sensors used to record human EMG signals which in turn are used to control a robotic arm.
Keywords: DataLINK Electrogoniometers Reliability Validity Spine Australia 2010
D Perriman J Scarvell, A Hughes, B Ashman, C Lueck, P Smith; SPINE, Volume 35, Number 14, pages E633 - E640
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer used with the Biometrics Ltd DataLINK was compared against the "gold standard" Cobb angle method in measurements of the thoracic spine. The results state that the Biometrics Ltd Goniometer "is accurate, has excellent test-retest reliability, and has concurrent validity compared with the Cobb angle. The Goniometer is therefore proposed as an ideal tool for the evaluation of interventions aimed at improving sagittal thoracic spine posture."
Keywords: EMG DataLOG Forearms Muscle Activity Health and Safety UE Ergonomics Canada 2009
Vi, Peter 2009 Infrastructure Health and Safety Association
This comparative study utilises Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors connected to the DataLOG unit, EMG sensors are placed on the forearms of participants during the activity/data acquisition stage. All EMG data collected is presented in order to discuss the comparisons between two safety techniques used in the building and construction industry for ladder climbing. Participants wore the DataLOG unit on a belt around their waist as they climbed ladders using each safety device.
Keywords: EMG DataLOG Goniometer UE Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders Ergonomics Wrist Goniometry Forearm Extensor Sweden 2009
Gert-Ake Hansson, Istvan Balogh, Kerstina Ohlsson, Lothy Granqvist, Catarina Nordander, Inger Arvidsson, Ingrid Akesson, Jeanette Unge, Ralf Rittner, Ulf Stromberg, Staffan Skerfving. International Journal of Inductrial Ergonomics 39 (2009) 221-233
Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors and Goniometers were used for this extensive ergonomic study. EMG data from the forearm extensors and goniometry data from the wrist were collected simultaneously using the DataLOG unit. A large subject population was used involving workers from a wide range of industries in order to determine the effects on the wrist and forearm in different job roles.
Keywords: DataLINK EMG Analysis Software Greece UK 2009
Gregorios Krekoukias, Nicola J. Petty, Liz Cheek. 2009. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 19 39-45
Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors are used to document muscle activity in this study analysing the effects of lumbar spine mobilisation. All EMG sensors were connected to the Biometrics Ltd DataLINK unit and data collected was filtered using the DataLINK software. All subjects within this study were instructed to follow the specified protocol; their EMG data was recorded before and after posteroanterior mobilisation. The subject population was divided into three groups (placebo, mobilisation and control) in order to allow for a comparison analysis.
Keywords: DataLOG Analysis Software TF Sensors Gait Analysis Body Discomfort Ergonomics Push/Pull South Africa 2009
Bennett, A. I. (2009) Rhodes University
Flexible TF sensors are inserted into industrial work boots and connected to the DataLOG unit. Subjects wearing these boots were instructed to carry out the specified push/pull exercises. Data collected, including body discomfort data communicated by the individual post exercise, is used to identify the relationship between response to push/pull exercise and the load and technique used.
Keywords: Goniometer Pain Joint Damage Knee Function USA UK 2009
David T Felson, K Douglas Gross, Michael C Nevitt, Mei Yang, Nancy E Lane, James C Torner, Cora E Lewis, Michael V Hurley. 2009. Arthritis Care and Research Volume 61, Issue 8, pages 1070-1076
All participants of this study either suffered with osteoarthritis in the knee joint or were at high risk of it. Biometrics Ltd Goniometers were attached to the right knee of the subject population in order to document results from the analysis. A guided knee joint angle was held for a predetermined time and recorded, the participants were instructed to recreate this angle from memory and communicate pain ratings. Goniometer data was then combined with radiographic grades.
Keywords: Grip Dynamometer Pinchmeter Strength Orthopedic UE Turkey 2009
T Sugun, K Ozaksar, S Ada, F Kui, F Ozerkan, I Kaplan, Y Ademoglu, M Kayalar, E Bal, T Toros, A Bora; ACTA Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica 2009,43(3):206-213
The mean grip and pinch strengths on the affected side were compared to the normal side using a computerized Biometrics Ltd E-LINK Evaluation and Exercise System Dynamometer and Pinchmeter.
Keywords: Grip Dynamometer Pinchmeter Strength Goniometer Range of Motion Evaluation & Impairment Software Physiotherapy Hand Rehabilitation UE Romania 2009
S Butariu, L Galosi, E Butariu, G Mihalas, R Costan; Timisoara Medical Journal 2009,Vol 59, No 3
Pre and post treatment functional evaluation was conducted using Biometrics E-LINK computerized Evaluation System. Tests performed included: range of motion measured using E-LINK electrogoniometers, pinch & grip strength measured using E-LINK electronic Dynamometer & Pinchmeter, documentation of manually collected data in E-LINK Evaluation software. The results of this study to evaluate the application effects of pulsed magnetic fields in rehabilitation were assessed by calculating the difference of the global impairment score, expressed in percentages, as calculated by the E-LINK software.
Keywords: Grip Dynamometer Pinchmeter Strength Orthopedic Surgery UE Austria 2009
M Gabl, M Blauth, M Lutz, R Zimmermann, P Angermann, R Arora, H Piza-Katzer, H Hussl, M Ninkovic, S Schneeberger, R Margreiter; Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 2009, 41:224-229; article in German
Improvement in motor function of the upper extremity was investigated in a patient following bilateral forearm transplantation. Grip and pinch strength were measured using Biometrics Ltd grip Dynamometer and Pinchmeter.
Keywords: DataLINK Goniometers EMG UE Stroke Neurology Clinical Applications Spasticity Botulinum Toxin Elbow Wrist UE UK 2009
E Cousins, A B Ward, C Roffe, L D Rimington, A D Pandyan; Physical Therapy Volume 89 Number 7 p688-697
Biometrics Ltd DataLINK, Goniometers and EMG sensors used as a neurophysiological measure of joint angle and EMG activity in post stroke patients treated for spasticity with Botulinum toxin.
Keywords: Goniometer Ankle Robot Gait Biomechanics Neurorehabilitation Biomechanics Lower Extremity USA 2009
A Roy, HI Krebs, DJ Williams, CT Bever, LW Forrester, RM Macko, N Hogan; IEEE Transactions On Robotics Vol 25 No 3 June 2009
Biometrics Ltd SG110 Goniometer used to validate accuracy of ankle angle on a robotic ankle rehabilitation system.
Keywords: DataLOG P3X8 SX230 EMG Sports Goniometer Analysis Software Exercise Cycling Lower Extremity Spain 2009
G J Marquez, J Mon, R M Acero, Jose A Sanchez and M Fernandez-Del-Olmo; The Journal Of Strength And Conditioning Research 23(5)/1470-1476 2009
This study was designed to determine the effect of different cycling cadences at low intensity and short duration on explosive muscle movements. Data acquisition using Biometrics DataLOG with analysis software, Goniometers and SX230 EMG to measure the joint movements and muscle activity of the leg.
Keywords: Dynamometer Pinchmeter DataLINK grip strength UE Poland 2009
A Zyluk, T Budzynski; Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny, 2009, 81, 5, 217-224
Biometrics Ltd Dynamometer and Pinchmeter used with a Biometrics Ltd DataLINK to measure grip and pinch strength in metacarpal fracture patients, comparing those who had surgery (K-wire fixaton) with those patients who were treated more conservatively by reduction and immobilization.
Keywords: DataLINK EMG SX230 Analysis SW Gait Analysis Lower Extremity India 2009
N Kunju, N Kumar, D Pankaj, A Dhawan, DR Amod Kumar; Indian Journal of Biomechanics, Special Issue (NCBM 7-8 March 2009)
Biometrics Ltd DataLINK and SX230 EMG used to measure EMG activity of Gastrocnemius and Soleus muscles whilst subject was walking. Data was analyised using the RMS and Median Frequency filters in the Biometrics Ltd Analysis Software.
Keywords: EMG SX230 Gonio SG110W Contact Switches DataLINK Veterinary Dogs Gait Analysis USA 2009
S Lauer, R Hillman, L Li, G Hosgood; American Journal of Veterinary Research 2009, vol 70, no 5, pp 658-664
Biometrics Ltd Surface EMG sensors, electrogoniometers, contact switches and data acquisition instrumentation were used in this study to determine the effect of various levels of treadmill incline on the muscle activity and joint position/movement in healthy dogs.
Keywords: EMG DataLOG Software Muscle Activity Sports Clinical Applications Temperature Effects Qatar 2008
Hyperthermia impairs short-term memory and peripheral motor drive transmission
This study aims to document the relationship between ambient temperature and muscle activity. The Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors (connected to the DataLOG unit) were applied to subjects and worn throughout the duration of the study (over each of the three temperature environments). EMG signals were collected and analysed post data acquisition to quantify muscle activity.
Keywords: Goniometer Knee Proprioception Angle Reproducibility Knee Osteoarthritis Quality of Life USA 2008
Chenchen Wang, Christopher H Schmid, Patricia L Hibberd, Robert Kalih, Ronenn Roubenoff, Ramel Rones, Aghogho Okparavero, Timothy McAlindon. 2008 BNC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 9:108
This paper details a design protocol for testing treatment of knee osteoarthritis amongst patients. One of the analyses conducted includes applying a Biometrics Ltd Goniometer to the knee joint, patients are guided to a specific angle and then asked to recreate it from memory. The main objective here is to conclude that patients whom regularly practice Tai Chi will have reduced symptoms of osteoarthritis which will have subsequent benefits such as an enhanced quality of life.
Keywords: DataLOG EMG Construction Force Repetition Intervention Ergonomics Canada 2008
Vi, Peter 2008 AHFE International Conference
Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors were used in this study in order to compare muscle activity between two sanding techniques. The EMG sensors were connected to the Biometrics Ltd DataLOG unit and data was analysed post acquisition. Findings from this study are useful to the building and construction industry as they highlight some egronomical limitations of new techniques/equipment.
Keywords: EMG DataLINK Visual-spatial Analysis Centre of Foot Pressure (COP) Biofeedback Sensory-motor System Balance Canada 2008
Aimee L. Betker, toy szturm, Zahra m. K. Moussavi. (2008). IEE engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine.
This visual-spatial experiment includes the use of Biometrics EMG sensors connected to the DataLINK unit. Subjects are monitored as they undertake a biofeedback 'game' in which their ability to maintain balance is analysed. EMG data collected is filtered and displayed alongside the centre of foot pressure (COP) results to determine an individuals' response to different Motor tasks.
Keywords: Grip Dynamometer Pinchmeter Strength Orthopedic Surgery UE Turkey 2008
E Bal, A Piskin, S ada, Y Ademoglu, T Toros, M Kayalar; ACTA Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica 2008,42(4):234-237
The difference of power between the operated hand in both groups were compared by palmer pinch and grip power values measured by Biometrics Ltd E-LINK.
Keywords: Grip Dynamometer Pinchmeter Strength Plastic Surgery UE UK 2008
A Mishra, I Whitaker, I Josty; Annals of Plastic Surgery, Vol 61, No 6, December 2008
The assessment of the functional results at 18 months post surgery included grip strength measurements using a Biometrics Ltd E-LINK dynamometer.
Keywords: Grip Dynamometer Strength Functional Capacity Elderly Portugal 2008
A Filipa Pires, A Paula Castro, C Seixas, T Tomas, I Coutinho, E Carolino; Saude & Tecnologia, May 2008, #1: 36-41; article in Portuguese
The practice of regular physical acctivity has a better impact on the global condition of the elderly people. The authors evaluated the grip force using a portable dynamometer (Biometrics E-LINK).
Keywords: Goniometer Knee Whole Body Vibration Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Lower Extremity UK Bulgaria 2008
K N Mileva, J L Bowtell, A R Kossev; Experimental Physiology 2008 94.1 p103-116
Biometrics Ltd Goniometer used to measure knee flexion angles whilst subjects performed squat exercise during and after whole body vibration with motor-evoked potentials elicited in response to transcranial magnetic stimulation.
Keywords: DataLOG SX230 EMG Deep Vein Thrombosis Lower Extremity Ireland 2008
KJ O'Donovan, AK Bourke, DT O'Keeffe, G OLaighin; Medical Engineering & Physics 31 2009 p55-60
Biometrics DataLOG and SX230 EMG sensors used to measure EMG activity of calf muscle for comparison against an inertial sensor system whilst performing exercises to reduce the risk of DVT.
Keywords: ACL300 Accelerometers Biomechanics Finger Kinesiology UE USA 2008
A Browne, J Healy, L O'Sullivan; J Appl Biomech 2008 Feb 24(1) 43-50
Biometrics ACL300 used to measure slip force of an object as it was dropped.
Keywords: DataLINK EMG Goniometers Wrist Ergonomics UE Ireland 2008
A V Savescu, M L Latash and V M Zatsiorsky; University Of Limerick Ireland; Healthcare Systems Ergonomics and Patient Safety (HEPS) Conference, Strasbourg, June 25-27, 2008
Biometrics Ltd DataLINK, Goniometers, and EMG were used to record wrist posture and forearm muscle activity in simulated endoscopy procedure.
Keywords: DataLINK EMG SX230 UE UK 2008
MA Oekoei, H Hu and JQ Gan; University Of Essex, UK; 30th Annual International IEEE EMBS Conference Vancouver, Canada, August 20 -24 2008
Biometrics Ltd SX230 electrodes used to measure muscle activity in four locations on forearm to measure whilst playing computer games.
Keywords: Gonio SG150 DataLOG Analysis Biomechanics SW Knee Lower Extremity Clinical Applications Reliability Australia 2008
P Piriyaprasarth, M Morris, A Winter, A Bialocerkowski; Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008, 9:6
This study examined the inter- and intra-tester reliability of knee joint angle measurements using a Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer. The clinical utility of electrogoniometry was also addressed. Data was collected using the Biometrics Ltd DataLOG and analyzed using Biometrics Ltd Analysis Software.
Keywords: EMG SX230 DataLINK Analysis Software Lower Extremity Clinical Applications Sports PT Spain 2008
M Arroyo-Morales, N Olea, MM Martinez, A Hidalgo-Lozano, C Ruiz-Rodriguez, L Diaz-Rodriguez; The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2008, vol 14, no 10, pp 1223-1229
Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors and DataLINK data acquisition system with analysis software was used to quantify muscle activity in the quadriceps in this study to evaluate the effect of massage on neuromuscular recruitment, mood state, and mechanical nociceptive threshold after high-intensity exercise.
Keywords: EMG SX230 UE Robotic Arm Control India 2008
GS Patel, A Rai, S Prasad; Sensors and Transducers Journal March 2008, vol 89, issue 3, pg 39-51
The aim of this paper is to describe a human machine interface using Electromyogram (Biometrics Ltd SX230 EMG sensors) signal to artificially control the limb movement.
Keywords: Gonio ADU Knee Lower Extremity Sports Proprioception Arthritis USA 2008
C Wang, C Schmid, P Hibberd, R Kalish, R Roubenoff, R Rones, A Okparavero, T McAlindon; Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008, 9:108
This study examines the effects of a 12 week Tai Chi program compared with an attention control (wellness education and stretching) on pain, functional capacity, psychosocial variables, joint proprioception and health status in elderly people with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Knee proprioception, which is reduced in KOA was measured using a Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer with a Biometrics Ltd ADU301 angle display unit during each assessment visit.
Keywords: Spasticity Goniometers EMG DataLINK Neurology Stroke Clinical Applications Biomechanics Range of Motion Muscle Activity Force ARAT UK 2008
Sweta Malhotra, Elizabeth Cousins, Anthony Ward, Charles Day, Peter Jones, Christine Roffe, Anand Pandyan; Clinical Rehabilitation 2008; 22: 1105-1115
Spasticity is measured at the wrist flexors of stroke patients using a combination of Biometrics Ltd EMG probes and Goniometers along with a force transducer connected to the Biometrics Ltd DataLINK unit. Force, range of motion and muscle activity were measured simultaneously during patient exercise in order to confirm the relationship between biomechanical, clinical and neurophysiological measurements necessary to best manage and assess spasticity.
Keywords: Grip Dynamometer Strength Orthopedic Surgery UE UK 2007
AJ Crowey, M R Carmont, B Tins, D J Ford; Injury Extra 2007, 38, 90-93
Case presentation of a rare FCR rupture. Grip strength on the right compared to the non-affected side was measured using an E-LINK dynamometer.
Keywords: Grip Dynamometer Pinchmeter Strength Goniometer Range of Motion Arthritis UE UK 2007:
A Goodson, A McGregor, J Douglas, P Taylor; Manual Therapy 12 (2007) 144-152
This study explored the use of a commercially available system, the Biometrics E-LINK Evaluation System, for determining hand function in RA and OA patients, in terms of its reproducibility and practicability. Impairment of physiological hand function was assessed using the Biometrics E-Link instruments - Dynamometer and Pinchmeter for strength measurements, small and large electrogoniometers for finger and wrist ROM measurements. "To summarize, pinch, grip and ROM measurements are simple and quick to perform and the findings of this study support the routine clinical use of these measures ..."
Keywords: Grip Dynamometer Strength Orthopedic UE UK 2007
O Alizadehkhaiyat, A Fisher, G Kemp, K Vishwanathan, S Fostick; Journal of Orthoaedic Research December 2007
This study investigated strength, fatigability, and activity of upper limb musculature to elucidate the role of muscular imbalance in the pathophysiology of tennis elbow. Grip strength was measured using a Biometrics Ltd dynamometer.
Keywords: Goniometer SG65 Torsiometer Q150 Ergonomic Risk Saw Mill Workers UE USA 2007
T Jones, S Kumar; NORA Proceedings 2007 p103 -110
Biometrics Ltd Goniometer and Torsiometer used to measure motion of the wrist and forearm whilst subjects hammered saws.
Keywords: Gonio Finger F35 Neurology Elbow UE Clinical Applications Stroke Research USA 2007
T Kline, B Schmidt, D Kamper; Brain 2007, 130(1):159-169
Joint angles of the digits of the impaired hand and angle measurements of the elbow joint on the impaired side were measured with Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers in this study of patterns of interlimb coupling in ten stroke survivors with chronic hand impairment.
Keywords: Gonio SG110A DL1001 Biomechanics Clinical Applications Ankle Lower Extremity Gait Brazil 2007
CS Moriguchi, TO Sato, HJC Coury; Revista Brasileria de Fisioterapia 2007, vol 11, no 3
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer connected to a Biometrics Ltd datalogger was used to evaluate ankle movements of healthy individuals walking on a treadmill.
Keywords: Gonio Knee Sports EMG Biomechanics Ankle Lower Extremity Physiotherapy Japan 2007
S Kasahara, J Ebata, M Takahashi; Journal of Physical Therapy Science 2007; 19:251-256
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the repeated one-leg heel-rise test method of ankle plantar flexion in MMT with kinematic measuring devices and EMG. Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to monitor ankle and knee movements during the test.
Keywords: Gonio SG65 EMG SX230 Wrist Elbow UE Ergonomics in Surgery USA Korea 2007
A Trejo, MC Jung, D Oleynikov, MS Hallbeck; Applied Ergonomics 2007, 38: 745-753
One of the main ergonomic problems associated with laparoscopy is the surgeon's non-neutral position during surgery. The objective of this study was to evaluate a laparoscopic tool design by examining the effects of hand posture, target position and monitor angle on physical workload and operation efficiency during both insertion and aim tasks. Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to measure wrist and elbow position. Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors were used to measure muscle activity in forearm and upper arm muscles.
Keywords: Gonio SG110 Thumb UE Ergonomics Clinical Applications Sweden USA 2007
P Jonsson, P Johnson, M Hagberg; Ergonomics 2007, vol 50, issue 5, pg 647-659
The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy and feasibility of using a Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer for measuring simple thumb movements and concluded that electrogoniometers have utility for studying thumb movements during mobile phone use and may be used to evaluate other thumb-based input devices.
Keywords: EMG SX230 Lower Extremity Sports Japan 2007
R Matsuura, H Ogata, T Yunoki, T Arimitsu, T Kimura, T Yano; Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2007, 26:51-57
Biometrics Ltd SX230 EMG sensors were used to collect lower extremity muscle activity during each of ten cycling sprints.
Keywords: SG110 Goniometer Veterinary Reliability Biomechanics USA 2006
Todd M. Thomas, Denis J. Marcellin-Little, Simon C. Roe, B. Duncan X. Lascelles, Bess P. Brosey. American Journal of Veterinary Research, Vol67, No. 12, December 2006
This study aims to confirm the differences between measuring joint angle using two Goniometer types; results undergo a final verification step with the help of radiography data. The Biometrics Ltd Goniometer represents one of the Goniometer types and is held against the specified joint of each subject (dog) in order to record the maximum flexion and extension of the joint, this is repeated using the alternate Goniometer. Results are compared within a statistical analysis and discussed.
Keywords: Goniometer Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Neurology Wrist Elbow UE Australia 2006
M W Coppieters, A M Alshami; Journal Of Orthopaedic Research 2006 24 p1-9
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers used to measure wrist and elbow joint position and movement in cadavers during testing of novel nerve gliding techniques.
Keywords: Goniometer Pain Hand UE Neurology Australia 2006
M W Coppieters, A M Alshami, P W Hodges; Arch Phys Med Rehabil Vol 87 October 2006
Biometrics Ltd Goniometer used to accurately document elbow positions during neurodynamic testing in subjects with induced hand pain.
Keywords: Gonio Knee Lower Extremity Biomechanics Aerospace USA 2006
M Pierre, K Genc, M Litow, B Humphreys, A Rice, C Maender, P Cavanaugh; Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006, 3:8
Custom made Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were incorporated into a custom built Lower Extremity Monitoring Suit to monitor knee movement in the same subjects on earth and then in space aboard the International Space Station.
Keywords: Gonio Elbow XM110 UE Neurology Motor Control OT Perception USA 2006
M Holubar, M Rice; Australian Journal of Occupational Therapy 2006, 53:35-42
This study aimed to maintain the purposefulness of the occupation - the entire movement of placing the coffee mug on the shelf. The data was collected by using a Biometrics Ltd electronic Goniometer attached across the elbow of the dominant limb.
Keywords: Gonio SG150 Knee Lower Extremity Gait Clinical Applications Biomechanics Movement Analysis USA 2006
J Huddleston, A Alaiti, D Goldvasser, D Scarborough, a Freiberg, H Rubash, H Malchau, W Harris, D Krebs
Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation; Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to measure bilateral knee flexion angles for periods of 7-24 hours.
Keywords: EMG SX230 DataLOG Lower Extremity Gait Clinical Applications Neuro Rehabilitation USA 2006
K Saremi, J Marehbian, X Yan, JP Regnaux, R Elashoff, B Bussel, B Dobkin; Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair 2006, 20(2)
A biomechanical model was used to compute lower extremity joint kinematics over a short walkway. Surface EMG was acquired with the (Biometrics Ltd) DataLOG system using 8 (Biometrics Ltd) SX230 EMG sensors and analysed using (Biometrics Ltd) version 3 Analysis Software.
Keywords: Gonio Bilateral Knee Gait Ankle Hip Lower Extremity Neuro Rehabilitation Kinesiology Spinal USA 2006
G Sawicki, A Domingo, D Ferris; Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006, 3:3
The goal of this study was to test the effects of robotic assistance in subjects with incomplete spinal cord injury using pneumatic powered ankle-foot orthoses. Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to measure bilateral ankle, knee, and hip movement.
Keywords: Gonio Wrist UE Work Evaluation Ergonomics Sweden 2006
I Balough, K Ohlsson, GA Hansson, T Engstrom, S Skerving; International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 2006, 36:353-365
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used for measuring work postures and movements of the wrists of production line workers in a company processing wooden boards for parquet flooring.
Keywords: EMG SX230 Lower Extremity Work Ergonomics Japan 2006
Y Toshihiko, T Kumiko, I Hidemi, K Mikiko, F Kimie, T Katsuyuki, M Katsumi; Journal of Human Nursing Studies 2006, vol 3, pg 11-21
Biometrics Ltd SX230 EMG sensors were used to measure to muscle function.
Keywords: EMG SX230 Lower Extremity Sports Japan 2006
R Matsuura, H Ogata, T Yunoki, T Arimitsu, T Yano; Journal of Physiological Anthropology 2006, 25:267-273
Biometrics Ltd SX230 EMG sensors were used to collect lower extremity muscle activity in repeated cycling sprints.
Keywords: DataLOG Vibrational Analysis Ergonomics Health and Safety UK 2005
Andrew N Rimell, Neil J Mansfield. 2005. Presented at the 40th United Kingdom Conference on Human Response to Vibration.
This study aimed to document the vibrational effects of machine operator seats, the Biometrics DataLOG unit is used as the supporting instrumentation for all sensors used. All participants were measured before the experiment begun; a sub analysis of seat type is also presented within the results whereby the participants remained constant to ensure a fair comparison.
Keywords: DataLOG Accelerometers Vibration UK 2005
Presented at the 40th United Kingdom Conference on Human Response to Vibration - Liverpool UK 13th to15th September 2005
Biometrics Ltd DataLOG and Accelerometers used to measure single and multi-axis vibration in vehicle seats.
Keywords: Gonio M180 Knee Lower Extremity Gait Biomechanics Clinical Applications Arthroplasty Orthopedic Surgery UK 2005
PJ Rowe, CM Myles, R Nutton; Journal of Orthopedic Surgery 2005, 13(2):131-138
This study used Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers to evaluate active and functional knee excursion of patients before and after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to determine whether TKA restores quality of life related to functional activities of daily living.
Keywords: Gonio G35 Finger MCP UE Neuro Clinical Applications Stroke USA Australia 2005
L Carey, D Abbott, G Egan, J Bernhardt, G Donnan; Stroke 2005, 36:625-629
In this study finger tapping ability was used as one of the parameters to quantify recovery following stroke. Biometrics Ltd finger Goniometers were used to measure the range of active flexion-extension movement of the MCP joint of the index finger.
Keywords: Gonio SG150 ADU K100 Clinical Applications Sports Ankle Lower Extremity Physiotherapy Taiwan 2005
MH Jan, HM Chai, YF Lin, JCH Lin, LY Tsai, YC Ou, DH Lin; Physical Therapy October 2005, vol 85, no 10
The ability to perform 20 or more one-leg heel-rises is considered a 'normal' grade for muscle strength of the ankle plantar flexors, regardless of age and strength. Because muscle strength is closely related to age and sex, the 'normal' test criterion was re-evaluated in different groups categorized by age and sex. Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers and instrumentation was used to measure the angle of ankle plantar flexion.
Keywords: Gonio XM65 Wrist UE Clinical Applications Biomechanics Taiwan 2005
JH Chang, HY Hsu, FC Su; Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering 2005, 25(1): 33-37
Wrist pain is a common complaint in hand clinics. Flexible electro-goniometry offers a convenient method to investigate joint kinematics in clinical environment. Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer was used to measure wrist circumduction in injured subjects.
Keywords: Gonio F35 ADU Neurology Finger UE Brain Research USA France Canada 2005
S Lehericy, H Benali, PF Van de Moortele, M Pelegrini-Issac, T Waechter, k Ugurbil, J Doyon; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 2005, vol 102, no 35
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer and ADU 301 Angle Display Unit were used to measure the amplitude of the subjects' finger movements before and after training in this study of changes to brain function during the explicit learning of a sequence of finger movements over a month of training.
Keywords: Gonio SG150 EMG SX230 DataLINK Sports Clinical Applications Knee Lower Extremity Applied Physiology USA 2005
J Petrella, JS Kim, C Tuggle, S Hall, M Bamman; Journal of Applied Physiology 2005, 98:211-220
The purposes of this study were to examine age and gender differences in knee extension strength, power, and fatigue using open- and closed-chain testing procedures. Knee position and flexion/extension movement was measured using Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers and neural activity of the right knee extensors was measured for each of three superficial quadriceps muscles using Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors. EMG were digitized at 1000 Hz and electrogoniometer inputs at 500 Hz, and data from each input were analyzed simultaneously using Biometrics Ltd DataLINK with software version 2.0.
Keywords: Gonio SG150 SG110A Knee Ankle Lower Extremity Clinical Applications Biomechanics Sports Japan 2005
T Wakahara, J Ushiyama, H Kanehisa, Y Kawakami, T Fukunaga; International Journal of Sport and Health Science 2005, vol 3, 75-82
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to measure the angles of ankle (SG110A) and knee (SG150) joints in this study of lower extremity biomechanics.
Keywords: Gonio EMG SX230 Head Neck Wrist UE Workplace Ergonomics Taiwan 2005
YP Liu, HC Chen, CY Chen; Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering 2005, 26(1):12-28
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers and EMG sensors were used for onsite measurement of the physical workload of workers, including head and neck of a truck driver and wrist and forearm of a punch press operator.
Keywords: Gonio Biomechanics Sports Bilateral Hip Neurology Knee Ankle Lower Extremity Gait Rehabilitation USA 2005
Keywords: Gonio Ankle Hip Lower Extremity Gait Neurophysiology Spinal Cord Injury Japan 2005
N Kawashima, D Nozaki, MO Abe, M Akai, K Nakazawa; Journal of Neurophysiology 2005, 93:777-785
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used in this study using a passive locomotion device in spinal cord injury patients.
Keywords: Gonio Shoulder UE Sports Rehabilitation USA 2004
M Wise, T Uhl, C Mattacola, A Nitz, W Kiber; Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 2004, Vol 13, No 6
The purpose of this study was to determine the difference in demands on glenohumeral musculature during unsupported and supported active range of motion (AROM) shoulder exercises. Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer was used to measure shoulder range of motion of each exercise.
Keywords: Gonio G35 K100 Finger Biomechanics UE Orthopedics Movement Analysis USA 2004
ZM Li, S Dun, D Harkness, T Brininger; Motor Control 2004, 8, 1-15
The purpose of this study was to examine motion enslaving characteristics of multiple fingers during isolated flexion of the distal interphalangeal joints. Four Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers connected to a Biometrics Ltd K100 were used to measure the angular motion of the joints.
Keywords: Gonio Ankle Lower Extremity Brain Gait Research Neuro Rehabilitation Gait Denmark 2004
M. Perez, B Lungholt, K Nyborg, J Nielsen; Experimental Brain Research 2004, 159:197-205
Training induced changes in cortical excitability may play an important role in rehabilitation of gait in patients with neurological disorders. This study investigated the effect of a 32 minute period of motor skill, non-skill, and passive training involving the ankle muscles on leg motor cortical excitability in healthy humans. Ankle movement was measured using Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer.
Keywords: Gonio XM110 Biomechanics Torsiometer Z110 Wrist Forearm UE Kinesiology Sweden 2004
GA Hansson, I Balogh, K Ohlsson, S Skerfving; Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 2004, 14:355-367
A Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer and Torsiometer were mounted in a jig to simulate the biomechanics of the wrist and forearm.
Keywords: Gonio Knee Ankle Hip Bilateral Lower Extremity Physiology Biomechanics Gait USA 2004
H Huang, D Ferris; Journal of Applied Physiology 2004, 97:1299-1308
In this study Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to measure bilateral hip, knee and ankle movements.
Keywords: Gonio Hip Knee Neurology Lower Extremity Paediatrics Infants Gait Physiology Canada 2003
T Lam, C Wolstenholme, M van der Linden, M Pang, J Yang; Journal of Physiology 2003, 553:319-331
This study examined stumbling corrective (tripping) responses to mechanical disturbances applied to the foot during stepping in 33 healthy human infants ages 5-13 months. Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to measure the hip and knee movement.
Keywords: Gonio Elbow M180 UE PT Neurology Research Sports Belgium 2003
MW Coppieters, KH Stappaerts, LL Wouters, K Janssens, Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy 2003, vol 33, no 7, 369-377
The available ROM during neurodynamic testing is frequently used to appraise the mechanosensitivity and extensibility of the nervous system and in this study was used as the principal outcome measure. Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer was used to measure the elbow ROM.
Keywords: Gonio Elbow M180 K100 Neurology UE PT Research Belgium 2003
MW Coppieters, KH Stappaerts, LL Wouters, K Janssens; Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 2003, vol 26, no 2, pp 99-106
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers and instrumentation used in this study to analyze whether aberrations in shoulder girdle-elevation force during neural tissue provocation testing for the median nerve can be demonstrated, and whether possible aberrations can be normalized following cervical mobilization.
Keywords: Gonio XM65 M110 Bilateral Wrist UE Ergonomics Sweden2003
M Stal, S Pinzke, GA Hansson, C Kolstrup; Ann Agriculture Environmental Medicine 2003, 10:67-72
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to measure bilateral wrist flexion/extension and radial/ulnar deviation in the ergonomics study of milkers while working in a modern rotary milking system.
Keywords: Gonio Wrist XM65 Forearm Z110 Datalogger UE Ergonomics USA 2003
K Babski-Reeves, L Crumption-Young; Ergonomics 2003, vol 46, no 7, 747-759
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers and instrumentation was used in this ergonomics study of 53 workers in a fish processing facility.
Keywords: Spasticity Elbow Neurology UE Goniometer Modified Ashworth Scale UK 2003
Anand D Pandyan, Christopher IM Price, Michael P Barnes, Garth R Johnson; Clinical Rehabilitation 2003; 17: 290-294
In this study, blind resistance to passive movement measurements are taken using the Biometrics Ltd Goniometer along with a force transducer; data is then graded using the Ashworth Scale and Modified Ashworth Scale, all subjects are stroke patient volunteers. An investigation comparing the non-impaired arm with the impaired arm is presented as a sub analysis. Results are discussed following a statistical analysis to confirm the validity of the Ashworth scale with respect to biomechanical data.
Keywords: Goniometer Ankle Clinical Applications Diabetes Exercise Therapy Lower Extremity USA 2002
J R Goldsmith, R H Lidtke, S Shott; Journal Of American Podiatric Medical Association Vol 92 No 9 October 2002
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers used to measure ankle joint position prior to and during exercise therapy to increase joint mobility and reduce plantar pressures in diabetic patients.
Keywords: Goniometer Parkinson's Disease Neurology UE Rigidity Trager Therapy Canada 2002
Christian Duval, Denis Lafontaine, Jacques H?bert, Alain Leroux, Michel Panisset, Jean P. Boucher. (2002) Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. Volume 25, Number 7
All subjects participating in this study suffer from Parkinson's Disease, a Trager therapy session was administered to all subjects by a licensed therapist. A Biometrics Ltd Goniometer was placed on the most rigid hand (last digit and wrist) to analyse joint movement in the initial rigidity tests as well as the following two posttests (post therapy)
Keywords: Gonio Hip Lower Extremity Infants Neurology Proprioception Paediatrics Gait Canada 2002
M Pang, J Yang; The Journal of Neuroscience 2002, 22(13):5734-5740
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to measure hip position in 37 infants between the ages of 5 and 13 months.
Keywords: Gonio Elbow UE Botox Stroke Spasticity Research Neurology Clinical Applications Clinical Rehabilitation UK Switzerland 2002
A Pandyan, P Vuadens, F van Wijck, S Stark, G Johnson, M Barnes; Clinical Rehabilitation 2002, 16:654-660
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer incorporated into a measurement system to quantify the clinical efficacy of botulinum toxin type A in treating elbow spasticity in a unilateral stroke population.
Keywords: Gonio Trunk XM150B DL1001 Biomechanics Ergonomics Brazil 2002
HG Coury, R Padula; Clinical Biomechanics 2002, 17:309-311
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer and instrumentation used in this study to compare two groups of workers with and without upper limb musculoskeletal symptoms when simulating handling tasks, regarding trunk movements and load support.
Keywords: Gonio Knee Lower Extremity Sports Gait Arthritis Rheumatology Exercise UK 2002
LM Bearne, DL Scott, MV Hurley, Rheumatology 2002; 41:157-166
The objective of this study was to compare quadriceps sensorimotor function, lower limb functional performance and disability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and healthy subjects, and to investigate the efficacy and safety of a brief rehabilitation program. Proprioception acuity was estimated from the acuity of reproduction of knee joint position sense measured with a Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer.
Keywords: Gonio Elbow M180 K100 UE PT Clinical Applications Neurology Research Belgium Australia 2002
M Coppieters, K Stappaerts, K Janssens, G Jull; Physiotherapy Research International 2002, 7(3): 146-156
The range of elbow extension in both the laboratory and clinical conditions was measured with Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer and instrumentation in this study.
Keywords: Gonio Ergonomics Wrist M110 Elbow M180 K100 UE PT Research in Surgery Belgium 2002
M Coppieters, M Van de Velde, K Stappaerts; Anestiesiology 2002, 97:75-81
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers and instrumentation were used to measure wrist and elbow motion with four variations of the brachial plexus tension test.
Keywords: Gonio K100 DL1001 Biomechanics M180 Lower Extremity Knee Validity Gait UK 2001
PJ Rowe, CM Myles, SJ Hillmann, ME Hazlewood; Physiotherapy Sept 2001, vol 87, no9 :479-488
The measurement of the Biometrics Ltd flexible electrogoniometer were investigated using a series of controlled experiments including comparison to a TV motion analysis system while measuring knee movement during gait.
Keywords: Gonio Gait M180 Bilateral Knee Lower Extremity Reliability Clinical Applications Biomechanics Arthritis UK 2001
Movement of the knee in osteoarthritis: the use of electrogoniometry to assess function
This study 50 patients with knee osteoarthritis using Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers concluded: 'Electrogoniometry is relatively inexpensive, can be performed in a normal clinical setting with minimal inconvenience to the patient, and may prove to be a valuable objective tool for comparative evaluation of different prostheses or surgical techniques for total knee replacement.?
Keywords: Gonio Gait Hip Lower Extremity Neurology Infants Paediatrics Physiology Canada 2001
M Pang, J Yang; The Journal of Physiology 2001, 533:617-625
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to measure hip movement in twenty-eight infants aged from 4 to 12 months.
Keywords: Gonio Wrist M110 Elbow Neurology M180 K100 UE PT Research Belgium 2001
MW Coppieters, KH Stappaerts, FF Staes, DG Everaert; Manual Therapy 2001, 6(2) 88-96
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers and instrumentation were used to measure the ROM of the wrist and elbow during this study to measure shoulder girdle elevation force during neural tissue provocation tests of the median nerve.
Keywords: Gonio Wrist M110 Neurology Elbow M180 K100 UE PT Research Belgium 2001
MW Coppieters, KH Stappaerts, DG Everaert, FF Staes; Journal of Orthopedics & Sports Physical Therapy 2001; 31(5): 226-237
In this study to analyze the impact of different components of the neural tissue provocation test for the median nerve on the range of motion of the elbow and wrist and the sensory responses elicited by the test. Wrist and elbow range of motion was measured with Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers and instrumentation.
Keywords: Spasticity Modified Neurology Ashworth Scale UE Elbow Goniometer Speed Range of Motion Stroke UK 2001
A.D.Pandyan, C.I.M.Price, H.Rogers, M.P.Barnes, G.R.Johnson; Clinical Biomechanics 16 (2001) 859-865
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are used simultaneously with a force transducer to verify resistance to passive motion. In order to quantify spasticity, blind data from the resistance to passive motion test is used together with the Modified Ashworth Scale to identify the 'catch' phenomenon. Findings regarding the relationship between the Modified Ashworth Scale and patient resistance to passive motion are presented. A statistical analysis is documented comparing the impaired arm with the non-impaired arm of participants in this study.
Keywords: Gonio XM75 Torsiometer Z180 DL1001 DataLOG P100 Pinchmeter UE Ergonomics Brazil Canada 2000
Effects of progressive levels of industrial automation on force and repetitive movements of the wrist
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer and Torsiometer were used with a Biometrics Ltd datalogger to record wrist movements of workers in a multinational company for producing office products. A Biometrics Ltd P100 Pinchmeter was used for recording the maximum pinch strength and the job simulated pinch strength.
Keywords: Gonio K100 Finger UE Neurology Applied Physiology Geriatrics USA 2000
R Burnett, D Laidlaw, R Enoka; Journal of Applied Physiology 2000, 89:61-71
The purpose of this study was to determine the association between steadiness and activation of the agonist and antagonist muscles during isometric and anisometric contractions. Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer and K100 amplifier were used measure the index finger abduction/adduction as part of the quantification of the steadiness.
Keywords: Gonio Wrist DL1001 UE Ergonomics Sweden 2000
GA Hansson, I Balogh, K Ohlsson, B Palsson, L Rylander, S Skerving; Applied ergonomics 2000, 31:301-310
Wrist positions and movements were recorded bilaterally, for both the flexion/extension and the deviation angles using Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers and datalogger.
Keywords: Gonio Knee Lower Extremity Clinical Applications Anatomy Biomechanics Reliability Poland 2000
P Szuic, J Lewandowski, B Marecki; Medical Science Monitor 2000, 7(2): 312-315
In this study Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer was used as the accurate and reliable measurement to validate knee position measurements with a universal Goniometer.
Keywords: Gonio Knee XM180 Lower Extremity Physiology Biomechanics Sports Denmark UK 2000
Keywords: Gonio Hip Knee Ankle Biomechanics Bilateral Lower Extremity Neurology Gait Brain Research France 2000
E Varraine, M Bonnard, J Pailhous; Experimental Brain Research 2000, 130:248-257
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to measure bilateral hip, knee and ankle movements and posture.
Keywords: Gonio Gait Hip Lower Extremity Infants Neurology Paediatrics Biomechanics Physiology Canada 1998
J Yang, M Stephens, R Vishram; The Journal of Physiology 1998
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to measure the hip movement in infants 3-10 months of age.
Keywords: Gonio Gait Hip Lower Extremity Neurology Infants Physiology Paediatrics Canada 1998
J Yang, M Stephens, R Vishram; The Journal of Physiology 1998, 507:927-937
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to measure hip movement in infants 10 days to 10 months of age.
Keywords: Gonio Hip Knee Ankle Neurology Lower Extremity Gait France 1997
F Danion, M Bonnard, J Pailhous; Experimental Brain Research 1997, 116:525-538
The kinematics of the leg joints, which ensured the displacement of the foot tip, were recorded using Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers placed on the hip, knee, and ankle.
Keywords: Gonio Wrist UE Ergonomics Sweden 1997
I Akesson, GA Hansson, I Balough, U Moritz, S Skerfving; International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 1997, 69:461-474
Twelve right-handed female dentists (six with and six without a history of definite neck/shoulder disorders, pair-wise matched for age) were studied when performing authentic dental work. Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to measure the wrist movements.
Keywords: Gonio Ankle Lower Extremity Reliability Biomechanics UK USA 1996
K Rome, F Cowieson; Foot Ankle International 1996, Vol 17, No. 1, pp 28-32
This study investigated the reliability of three Goniometers, the universal, fluid, and Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers, in the measurement of ankle dorsiflexion. Intra- and interobserver reliability were assessed using 10 healthy volunteers and five observers. The results demonstrate that when using a highly standardized procedure, the flexible electrogoniometer was within an accepted criterion for reliability, suggesting good intra device reliability.
Keywords: Gonio Wrist UE Biomechanics Clinical Applications Clinical Measurement Validity UK 1996
M Rawes, J Richardson, J Dias; Journal of Hand Surgery - British and European Volume 1996 21B(5): 600-603
A new electrogoniometer technique, using a Biometrics ltd electrogoniometer, is described for the measurement of wrist movements, including circumduction, with the results being displayed as figures. Clinical validation was performed and the system found to be highly accurate and reliable.
Keywords: Gonio DataLOG Wrist Torsiometer Forearm UE Ergonomics Sweden 1996
GA Hansson, I Balogh, K Ohlsson, L Rylander, S Skerfving; Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 1996, Vol 6, No. 1, pp 23-35
This study to gain objective and quantitative information concerning both static and dynamic aspects of workload on the wrist in field studies of fish processing industry workers with highly repetitive work and risk of CTD used a Biometrics Ltd biaxial flexible electrogoniometer and datalogger for recording of flexion and deviation angles of the wrist of the dominant hand. In order to evaluate forearm rotation a Biometrics Ltd Torsiometer, sensitive only to rotation and not influenced by flexion or deviation, was attached to the wrist.
Keywords: Gonio Wrist UE Clinical Applications Clinical Measurement USA 1995
Implications for Splint Design; N Weiss, L Gordon, T Bloom, Y So, D Rempel; Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 1995 Vol 77-A, No. 11, pp 1695-1699
To determine the position of the wrist that results in the lowest carpal tunnel pressure, twenty control subjects and four patients who had carpal tunnel syndrome were evaluated with use of a new, dynamic method that continuously measures carpal tunnel pressure throughout the range of motion of the wrist. A Biometrics Ltd two-axis electrogoniometer was used to measure continuously the flexion or extension angle as well as the radial or ulnar deviation of the wrist.
Keywords: Gonio Knee Ankle Footswitches Neurology Lower Extremity Clinical Applications Gait Paediatrics UK 1994
M Hazelwood, J Brown, P Rowe, P Salter; Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 1994, 36:661-673
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers and footswitches were used in this study to evaluate the effect of electrical stimulation of the anterior tibial muscles of children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy on the gait pattern and the range of active and passive lower extremity movement. dorsiflexion of the ankle. Foot switches were placed under the sole and heel of the foot and simultaneously recorded the pattern of contact of the foot with the floor so that the temporal parameters of the gait cycle could be analyzed. The use of electrogoniometers for gait analysis proved successful, and could provide therapists and physicians with a relatively cheap and versatile means of quantitatively monitoring gait pattern and the effects of therapy.
Keywords: Gonio Gait Ankle Lower Extremity Clinical Applications Sports Podiatry UK 1994
K Rome, A Clark; British Journal of Podiatric Medicine 1994, 49(2): 19-23
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used in this study is to evaluate a short term stretching programme for ankle equinus, using a high load, brief stretch technique. The single case study has demonstrated the flexible electrogoniometer as a reliable instrument which is easy to use in the clinical setting.
Keywords: Gonio DataLOG Wrist UE Ergonomics Work Eval Sweden 1994
K Ohlsson, GA Hansson, I Balough, U Stromberg, B Palsson, C Norander, L Rylander, S Skerfving; Occupational and Environmental Medicine 1994, 51: 826-832
Wrist angles of the dominant hand were measured for 32 randomly selected women during a total of 40 representative 20 minute work periods. A Biometrics Ltd twin axis electrogoniometer and a Datalogger were used for recording the flexion and extension, and the deviation angles of the wrist. The angular distributions, the angular velocity distributions, and the power spectra, were calculated to characterize the wrist movements during work.
Keywords: Gonio Ankle Lower Extremity Clinical Applications Clinical Measurement Biomechanics Reliability UK 1993
P Ball, G Johnson; Clinical Biomechanics 1993; 8: 13-19
This paper describes the use of an Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer for clinical assessment of subtalar motion and examines the important aspects of the clinical procedure.
Keywords: Gonio Elbow UE Reliability Clinical Applications Clinical Measurement UK 1992
J Goodwin, C Clark, J Deakes, D Burdon, C Lawrence; Disability and Rehabilitation 1992; Vol 14, No.1; pp 10-15
This investigation compared the reliability and interchangeable use of three currently available Goniometers - a universal Goniometer, a fluid Goniometer, and a Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer. Three consecutive readings of the active range of movement of the right elbow joint were taken from each of 23 healthy female volunteers; three experienced observers each used each type of Goniometer on two occasions. Significant intertester differences were found to exist for both the universal and fluid Goniometers. However, no significant differences were found between any of the testers with respect to the electrogoniometer. It therefore appears reasonable to suggest that, with respect to reducing intertester differences, the electrogoniometer is preferable.
Keywords: Gonio Wrist UE Reliability Clinical Applications Circumduction Biomechanics Japan 1991
H Ojima, S Miyake, M Kumashiro, H Togami, S Meng, K Suzuki; Clinical Biomechanics 1991; 6: no 4; 221-229
This paper shows the reliability and validity of Biometrics Ltd biaxial electrogoniometric analysis in the quantification of wrist circumduction. The reliability tests demonstrated sufficient accuracy of the device. Also, validity of the measurement was recognized because the tests simulating wrist circumduction and cineradiography revealed that it could accurately detect the angle between the long axis of the forearm and the third metacarpal bone.
Keywords: Gonio Knee Datalogger Lower Extremity UK 1990
S Sockalingham, J Barbenel, D Queen; CARE Science and Practice, vol 8, no 2: 75-79
An integrated study on the performance of bandages which related pressures generated by the bandages to mechanical laboratory tests has highlighted the influence of posture on the interface pressures generated by these devices. The continuous ambulatory pressure monitoring system consisted of three elements, the pressure sensing device, a Biometrics Ltd Goniometer to determine the position of the leg, and the Biometrics Ltd Datalogger for recording the output of the measuring devices. The Goniometer allowed the stand/sit/lie sequence to be identified relatively easily. The effect of posture was also seen in the long-term measurements.
Keywords: Gonio Hip Knee Lower Extremity Clinical Clinical Applications Biomechanics Paediatrics Measurements Gait Reliability UK 1989
A Nicol; Clinical Rehabilitation 1989, 3: 1-9
This paper is about the development of the Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer and its clinical applications: The device is very lightweight and the electrogoniometers can be worn beneath clothing, so the subject can move without inhibition. ...Tests using angular motion of the hip and knee joints...assessment of gait ...gait of amputees and patients cerebral palsy...assessing the postoperative performance of arthritic patients receiving the Souter-Strathclyde elbow prosthesis. It can be seen that electrogoniometers can provide information otherwise not available in a clinical environment.
Keywords: Gonio Hip Knee Bilateral Lower Extremity Clinical Applications Biomechanics Gait UK 1988
P Rowe, A Nicol, I Kelly; Clinical Biomechanics 1988, 4:68-72
Biometrics Ltd flexible electrogoniometers were used to record the motion of both hips and knees in total hip replacement patients. Four flexible electrogoniometers are used to measure the flexion-extension angles of both hips and both knees. The electrogoniometer system has proved capable of quantifying the functional status of hip replacement patients simply and economically within the clinical environment.