Lely A. Luengas, Pedro R. Vizcaya, Giovanni S?nchez
This paper presents a methodology to obtain the Static Alignment Model for transtibial amputees and to study how much the alignment influences the static standing biomechanics. Seven Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to measure the joint angles.
Keywords: 2017, USA, EMG, Lower Extremity, Biomechanics, DataLOG
Justin A. Brantley, Trieu Phat Luu, Sho Nakagome, Jose L. Contreras-Vidal
This study is the first to demonstrate that continous EMG can be used to predict the joint kinematics of the knee and ankle during overground locomotion. Lower extremity EMG (12 channels) was measured using multiple Biometrics Ltd DataLOG and SX230 EMG sensors.
Morgan Broennle, Derek Kivi, Carlos Zerpa; International Journal of Sports Science 2017, 7(3)
A Biometrics Ltd goniometer was attached to the movable arm of a Nautilus machine to ensure that each participant moved through a full range of motion.
Keywords: The Netherlands, Goniometers, SG150, Lower Extremity, Biomechanics, Pediatrics, 2015
H. Haberfehlner, H. Maas, J. Harlaar, l. E. Newsum, J. G. Becher, A. l. Buizer, R. T. Jaspers. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation (2015) 12:67
This study focuses on assessing the precision of available knee-moment angle evaluation methods as well as determining the knee-moment angle characteristics in children suffering from spastic cerebral palsy. A Biometrics Ltd Goniometer is used to verify knee angles recorded throughout this study, Goniometer data along with other measured parameters is displayed and discussed to confirm if there are any significant findings in results taken from typically developing children and children with spastic cerebral palsy as well as the measurement error involved.
Md. T. l. Khan, T. Kurita. Biomedical Science and Engineering, 2015, Vo. 3, No. 1, 9-14
This study aims to determine if there is a significant difference in muscle activity between younger and older subjects and therefore if age is a contributing factor to knee joint functionality. Biometrics EMG sensors are used to record muscle activity of subjects and this data is presented, compared and discussed.
Keywords: The Netherlands, Goniometers, SGI 10, SG150, Range of Motion, Lower Extremity, Biomechanics, 2015
M. W. Coppieters, L. S. Anderson, R. Johansen, P. K. Giskegjerde, M. Hoivik, S. Vestre, R. J. Nee. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, Volume 45, Number 10, October 2015
This study analyses a selection of techniques used to determine range of motion, subjects are instructed to complete several exercises while measurements are recorded. Biometrics Goniometers verify the range of motion for each technique and this data is displayed and compared. Results are discussed to confirm their clinical significance.
F. Rahimi, O. Samotus, J. Lee, M. Jog. Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements (N Y). 2015; 5: 348
The angular position of upper limb tremors is recorded by several Biometrics Goniometers and Torsiometers. This data is recorded for each subject periodically throughout the study which explores the effects of a treatment designed to relieve/reduce tremor in Parkinsons disease patients.
Keywords: USA, EMG, Sport, Health & Exercise Science, Biomechanics, 2015
T.W. Nesser, N. Fleming, M. J. Gage. International Journal of Kinesiology & Sports Science, Vol. 3, No. 4; October 2015
Biometrics Goniometers are used in this study to identify phases of the movement cycle. Goniometers synchronously record joint angle data from the hip, knee and elbow of subjects during each exercise session. Data from other measured parameters is synchronised with this Goniometer data to identify at which phase in the movement cycle core muscles are activated and which exercises are best for core muscle training.
Keywords: Japan, Goniometers, Biomechanics, Sport, Health & Exercise Science, 2015
A. Saito, H. Akima. PLoS ONE October 21, 2015
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are fundamental in this study to ensure that a determined angle was reached and maintained throughout data collection. Data from other measured parameters is collected, compared and discussed; the Goniometers were used to control the knee joint angle to ensure a reliable and repeatable evaluation.
J. Sinclair, J. Toth, S. J. Hobbs. Kinesiology 45(2015)1:11-18
This study utilises acceleration data to help determine the optimum footwear when performing depth jumps. The Biometrics ACL300 Accelerometer is applied to the tibia of each subject to determine tibial acceleration during each movement; this data is combined with other measured parameters taken from subjects each wearing selected footwear to confirm if there is an ideal footwear option as well as determining the influence that footwear has on this jump.
Keywords: DataLOG DataLOG Analysis SW EMG Pain Sports Science Sports Rehabilitation Sports Therapy Biomechanics Hong Kong 2015
Shirley S. M. Fong, Y. T. Tam, Duncan J. Macfarlane, Shamay S. M. Ng, Young-Hyeon Bae, Eleanor W. Y. Chan, X. Guo. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2015, Article iD: 910168
Biometrics Ltd surface EMG sensors are applied over the core muscles of subjects from two groups (individuals with and without an expert Kinesiology tape application); sensors are connected to the DataLOG unit which is subject worn via a belt around the waist. A variety of TRX exercises are performed and results are discussed to present a comparison between EMG RMS values from both subject groups (RMS data is calculated using the Biometrics DataLOG Analysis Software).
Anna Trulsson, Michael Miller, Gert-Ake Hansson, Christina Gummesson, Martin Garwicz. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2015, 16:28.
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers (SG150's) are used to collect knee flexion/extension data for this study assessing the effect of injury on movement, all subjects suffer from an anterior cruciate ligament injury on one side. Goniometer data is presented alongside other measured parameters to give a statistical analysis comparing the injured with the non-injured side.
Sylvie C. F. A. Von Werder, Tim Kleiber, Catherine Disselhorst-Klug. Frontiers in Physiology, February 2015, Volume 6, Article 30.
This study focuses on interpretation of surface EMG data; Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are used to provide the angular data corresponding to elbow flexion and extension movements performed by the subject population. A final discussion presents the differences of concentric/eccentric muscle activation when the elbow is in flexion/extension within determined angle ranges.
Knee joint proprioception is analysed in this study on healthy subjects. Joint position sense (JPS) data collected using the Biometrics Ltd Goniometers, is used to analyse the stability of the knee joint. Throughout the duration of the study, subjects wearing Goniometers recreated determined joint angles to assess the relationship between joint angle and risk of injury.
Jae Yun Cha, Doo Chul Shin, Seung Ho Shin, Myung Mo Lee, Kyoung Jin Lee, Chang Ho Song. Journal of Physical Therapy Science. 2014 May; 26(5): 749-751
EMG data, collected using the Biometrics Ltd DataLOG unit, is used to assess core muscle activity of a subject population performing shoulder exercises. A variety of parameters were analysed to confirm whether or not the core muscles are affected by changes in surface stability or exercise intensity. The DataLOG unit recorded data from all of the identified core muscles simultaneously to allow for a statistical comparison.
This study aims to analyse the physical characteristics of subjects carrying out a lifting activity in order to contribute to information regarding the mechanism and development of low back pain. Two Biometrics Ltd Goniometers were applied at specific points along the backbone of each subject for the duration of the experiment. The effects of lifting with and without load are discussed and verified using Goniometer and muscle activity data.
Sutima Thibordeeand, Owrawan Prasartwuth. Chaing Mai University Journal of Natural Science (2014) Vol, 13(1)
This study aims to discover the relationship between the impact force of a kick and ankle joint motion. Joint angle is quantified using Biometrics Ltd Goniometers connected to the DataLOG unit, Goniometer data is discussed along with other measured parameters to identify three kick phases as well as the significant differences between kicks resulting in both high and low impact forces.
Ali Moradi, Reza Rajabi, Hooman Minoonejad, Marzieh Aghaei. Physical Treatments July 2014, Volume 4, Number 2.
Knee Goniometer data is fundamental in determining the relationship between stretching and knee joint position sense. Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are applied to the knee joint of each study participants who were instructed to recreate a specific knee joint angle before and after a period of stretching. Results are discussed and compared with existing research.
Thomas Heliskov-Hansenm Susanne Wulff Svendsen, Jane Fr?lund Thomsen, Sigurd Mikkelsen, Gert-Ake Hansson. PLoS ONE November 3, 2014
Bilateral wrist joint movements are recorded for a subject population containing an equal number of male and female participants all working in the painting industry. Biometrics Ltd SG75 Goniometers are used to record flexion/extension and radial/ulnar deviation of subjects completing a typical days' work. Questionnaire results are compared with the experimental statistics and discussed in order to confirm the differences between the two groups as well as the validity of the questionnaire used.
Aimola E, Valle MS, Casabona A. PLoS ONE 9(10) 2014
This muscle reflex/response study aims to confirm if the muscle activity required to move a determined weight can be predicted once the subject is familiar with the movement. A Biometrics Ltd F35 Goniometer is applied to quantify the finger joint movement during each sub-analysis involving the movement of known weight objects. Goniometer data along with other measured parameters is presented and discussed.
E Paul Zehr, Tsuyoshi Nakajima, Trevor Barss, Taryn Klarner, Stefanie Miklosovic, Rinaldo A Mezzarane, Matthew Nurse, Tomoyoshi Komiyama. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation 2014, 6:33
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are used to verify the knee, hip and ankle joint throughout the duration of this Gait Analysis study. Goniometer data is collected and presented as a statistical comparison to determine the gait response when cutaneous electrical stimulation is applied to five foot muscles.
Keywords: Goniometers SG65 EMG Ergonomics Upper Limb Biomechanics Japan 2014
Nobuyoshi Hashimoto. Bulletin. Hiroshima Institute of Technology. Research Vol.49 (2015) 83-87
This study aims to determine the requirements of a welding simulator in order to reduce the risks involved with training inexperienced individuals. Subjects, including welding professionals and beginners, are instructed to perform several welding-based tasks while a Biometrics Ltd Goniometer, attached to the wrist, and Biometrics Ltd EMG sensors recorded valuable movement data. The data collected is presented along with the outcome of the welding tasks to confirm the significant differences between the two subject groups.
I-Husan Chen, Yea-Ru Yangm Shih-Jung Cheng, Rai-Chi Chan, Ray-Yau Wang. Chinese Journal of Physiology 57(3): 128-136, 2014
This study utilises data recorded from four Biometrics Ltd Goniometers placed bilaterally on the knee and ankle of study participants to quantify the joint angles of a turning movement. Goniometer data is presented along with other measured parameters to identify whether or not there is a pattern in patients post-stroke performing a turning movement and if there is a relationship between the turning direction and falls.
Ricci Hannah, Claire Minshull, Stephanie L. Smith, Jonathon P. Folland. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2013.
Joint stabilisation is monitored throughout this study by focusing on each phase of muscle activation. Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are used bilaterally on all study participants to quantify knee joint angle during flexion and extension. The Goniometer data is fundamental to determine joint angle when the hamstrings and quadriceps are active to confirm whether or not these muscles are balanced in regards to their respective explosive forces, the results are discussed to consider the importance of this study in terms of risk of knee injury.
Keywords: ACL300 Accelerometer Biomechanics Clinical Applications Neurology UK 2013
John-Stuart Brittain, Penny Probert-Smith, Tipu Z. Aziz, Peter Brown. Current Biology 23, 436-440, March 4, 2013
Biometrics Ltd Accelerometers are used to assess tremor in patients suffering from tremor-dominant Parkinson's disease. The ACL300 Accelerometer was secured to each subject throughout the duration of the study which aims to determine the effect of TACS stimulation frequency on tremor. A secondary experiment confirms the relationship between stimulation frequency and tremor which is discussed further.
Keywords: DataLOG Goniometers Knee Extension Biomechanics Lower Extremity Range of Motion Gait Analysis USA 2013
Patricia Teran-Yengle, H. John Yack. 2013. XXIV Congress of the International society of Biomechanics. XV Brazilian Congress of Biomechanics.
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers were placed on the knees of study participants, this study aimed to collect knee extension data for a target population over a 6-10 hour period. The Biometrics Ltd DataLOG unit was used to allow for complete data acquisition (save to card mode) while the subjects carried out a typical 'work' day. Data was analysed post collection to quantify knee range of motion and knee extension changes when participating in different activities.
J. Marchi, D. Blana, E. K. Chadwick. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
This study aims to determine the mobility and stability differences amongst subjects having experienced shoulder dislocation. Biometrics Ltd. EMG sensors are applied over multiple muscle locations while study participants complete an exercise protocol. EMG data is recorded and discussed to show that the difference in response between previously injured and non-injured individuals is significant.
Keywords: Lower Back Goniometer Range of Biomechanics Motion Spine Rehabilitation USA 2011
Chet R. Whitley, Janet S. Dufek 2011. International Journal of Exercise Science 4(3) 2011 p192-198
Study participants were instructed to complete a backward walking programme in order to document the effects this would have. A Biometrics Ltd SG150/B Goniometer was placed on each subject's lower back to document their lower back-range of motion over the experimental period. After the experimental period, the range of motion data combined with the flexibility data of individual participants is presented and discussed.
C P Miller, J E Bible, K A Jegede, P G Whang, J N Grauer; Spine 2010, 35(26) E1546-E1552
This study used a dynamic motion analysis system comprised of" Biometrics Ltd DataLOG, Goniometer, Torsiometer, and Analysis Software. "This system allows for the accurate calculation of the flexion/extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation of the cervical spine.""
P Piriyaprasarth, M Morris, A Winter, A Bialocerkowski; Musculoskeletal Disorders 2008, 9:6
This study examined the inter- and intra-tester reliability of knee joint angle measurements using a Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer. The clinical utility of electrogoniometry was also addressed. Data was collected using the Biometrics Ltd DataLOG and analyzed using Biometrics Ltd Analysis Software.
Keywords: Spasticity Goniometers EMG DataLINK Neurology Stroke Clinical Applications Biomechanics Range of Motion Muscle Activity Force ARAT UK 2008
Sweta Malhotra, Elizabeth Cousins, Anthony Ward, Charles Day, Peter Jones, Christine Roffe, Anand Pandyan; Clinical Rehabilitation 2008; 22: 1105-1115
Spasticity is measured at the wrist flexors of stroke patients using a combination of Biometrics Ltd EMG probes and Goniometers along with a force transducer connected to the Biometrics Ltd DataLINK unit. Force, range of motion and muscle activity were measured simultaneously during patient exercise in order to confirm the relationship between biomechanical, clinical and neurophysiological measurements necessary to best manage and assess spasticity.
S Kasahara, J Ebata, M Takahashi; Journal of Physical Therapy Science 2007; 19:251-256
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the repeated one-leg heel-rise test method of ankle plantar flexion in MMT with kinematic measuring devices and EMG. Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to monitor ankle and knee movements during the test.
Keywords: SG110 Goniometer Veterinary Reliability Biomechanics USA 2006
Todd M. Thomas, Denis J. Marcellin-Little, Simon C. Roe, B. Duncan X. Lascelles, Bess P. Brosey. American Journal of Veterinary Research, Vol67, No. 12, December 2006
This study aims to confirm the differences between measuring joint angle using two Goniometer types; results undergo a final verification step with the help of radiography data. The Biometrics Ltd Goniometer represents one of the Goniometer types and is held against the specified joint of each subject (dog) in order to record the maximum flexion and extension of the joint, this is repeated using the alternate Goniometer. Results are compared within a statistical analysis and discussed.
Keywords: Gonio Knee Lower Extremity Biomechanics Aerospace USA 2006
M Pierre, K Genc, M Litow, B Humphreys, A Rice, C Maender, P Cavanaugh; Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 2006, 3:8
Custom made Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were incorporated into a custom built Lower Extremity Monitoring Suit to monitor knee movement in the same subjects on earth and then in space aboard the International Space Station.
Keywords: Gonio SG150 Knee Lower Extremity Gait Clinical Applications Biomechanics Movement Analysis USA 2006
J Huddleston, A Alaiti, D Goldvasser, D Scarborough, a Freiberg, H Rubash, H Malchau, W Harris, D Krebs
Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation; Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to measure bilateral knee flexion angles for periods of 7-24 hours.
Keywords: Gonio M180 Knee Lower Extremity Gait Biomechanics Clinical Applications Arthroplasty Orthopedic Surgery UK 2005
PJ Rowe, CM Myles, R Nutton; Journal of Orthopedic Surgery 2005, 13(2):131-138
This study used Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers to evaluate active and functional knee excursion of patients before and after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to determine whether TKA restores quality of life related to functional activities of daily living.
JH Chang, HY Hsu, FC Su; Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering 2005, 25(1): 33-37
Wrist pain is a common complaint in hand clinics. Flexible electro-goniometry offers a convenient method to investigate joint kinematics in clinical environment. Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer was used to measure wrist circumduction in injured subjects.
T Wakahara, J Ushiyama, H Kanehisa, Y Kawakami, T Fukunaga; International Journal of Sport and Health Science 2005, vol 3, 75-82
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to measure the angles of ankle (SG110A) and knee (SG150) joints in this study of lower extremity biomechanics.
Keywords: Gonio Biomechanics Sports Bilateral Hip Neurology Knee Ankle Lower Extremity Gait Rehabilitation USA 2005
PC Kao, D Ferris; Motor Control 2005, 9:144-163
Six Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to record hip, knee, and ankle joint angles bilaterally.
Keywords: Gonio G35 K100 Finger Biomechanics UE Orthopedics Movement Analysis USA 2004
ZM Li, S Dun, D Harkness, T Brininger; Motor Control 2004, 8, 1-15
The purpose of this study was to examine motion enslaving characteristics of multiple fingers during isolated flexion of the distal interphalangeal joints. Four Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers connected to a Biometrics Ltd K100 were used to measure the angular motion of the joints.
GA Hansson, I Balogh, K Ohlsson, S Skerfving; Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 2004, 14:355-367
A Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer and Torsiometer were mounted in a jig to simulate the biomechanics of the wrist and forearm.
Keywords: Gonio Knee Ankle Hip Bilateral Lower Extremity Physiology Biomechanics Gait USA 2004
H Huang, D Ferris; Journal of Applied Physiology 2004, 97:1299-1308
In this study Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to measure bilateral hip, knee and ankle movements.
Keywords: Gonio Trunk XM150B DL1001 Biomechanics Ergonomics Brazil 2002
HG Coury, R Padula; Clinical Biomechanics 2002, 17:309-311
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer and instrumentation used in this study to compare two groups of workers with and without upper limb musculoskeletal symptoms when simulating handling tasks, regarding trunk movements and load support.
PJ Rowe, CM Myles, SJ Hillmann, ME Hazlewood; Physiotherapy Sept 2001, vol 87, no9 :479-488
The measurement of the Biometrics Ltd flexible electrogoniometer were investigated using a series of controlled experiments including comparison to a TV motion analysis system while measuring knee movement during gait.
Movement of the knee in osteoarthritis: the use of electrogoniometry to assess function
This study 50 patients with knee osteoarthritis using Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers concluded: 'Electrogoniometry is relatively inexpensive, can be performed in a normal clinical setting with minimal inconvenience to the patient, and may prove to be a valuable objective tool for comparative evaluation of different prostheses or surgical techniques for total knee replacement.?
J Yang, M Stephens, R Vishram; The Journal of Physiology 1998
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers were used to measure the hip movement in infants 3-10 months of age.
Keywords: Gonio Ankle Lower Extremity Reliability Biomechanics UK USA 1996
K Rome, F Cowieson; Foot Ankle International 1996, Vol 17, No. 1, pp 28-32
This study investigated the reliability of three Goniometers, the universal, fluid, and Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometers, in the measurement of ankle dorsiflexion. Intra- and interobserver reliability were assessed using 10 healthy volunteers and five observers. The results demonstrate that when using a highly standardized procedure, the flexible electrogoniometer was within an accepted criterion for reliability, suggesting good intra device reliability.
M Rawes, J Richardson, J Dias; Journal of Hand Surgery - British and European Volume 1996 21B(5): 600-603
A new electrogoniometer technique, using a Biometrics ltd electrogoniometer, is described for the measurement of wrist movements, including circumduction, with the results being displayed as figures. Clinical validation was performed and the system found to be highly accurate and reliable.
H Ojima, S Miyake, M Kumashiro, H Togami, S Meng, K Suzuki; Clinical Biomechanics 1991; 6: no 4; 221-229
This paper shows the reliability and validity of Biometrics Ltd biaxial electrogoniometric analysis in the quantification of wrist circumduction. The reliability tests demonstrated sufficient accuracy of the device. Also, validity of the measurement was recognized because the tests simulating wrist circumduction and cineradiography revealed that it could accurately detect the angle between the long axis of the forearm and the third metacarpal bone.
Keywords: Gonio Hip Knee Lower Extremity Clinical Clinical Applications Biomechanics Paediatrics Measurements Gait Reliability UK 1989
A Nicol; Clinical Rehabilitation 1989, 3: 1-9
This paper is about the development of the Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer and its clinical applications: The device is very lightweight and the electrogoniometers can be worn beneath clothing, so the subject can move without inhibition. ...Tests using angular motion of the hip and knee joints...assessment of gait ...gait of amputees and patients cerebral palsy...assessing the postoperative performance of arthritic patients receiving the Souter-Strathclyde elbow prosthesis. It can be seen that electrogoniometers can provide information otherwise not available in a clinical environment.
Keywords: Gonio Hip Knee Bilateral Lower Extremity Clinical Applications Biomechanics Gait UK 1988
P Rowe, A Nicol, I Kelly; Clinical Biomechanics 1988, 4:68-72
Biometrics Ltd flexible electrogoniometers were used to record the motion of both hips and knees in total hip replacement patients. Four flexible electrogoniometers are used to measure the flexion-extension angles of both hips and both knees. The electrogoniometer system has proved capable of quantifying the functional status of hip replacement patients simply and economically within the clinical environment.