Sensors and Instrumentation for Studies of Spasticity in Stroke
Keywords: Spasticity Modified Neurology Ashworth Scale UE Elbow Goniometer Speed Range of Motion Stroke UK 2001
A.D.Pandyan, C.I.M.Price, H.Rogers, M.P.Barnes, G.R.Johnson; Clinical Biomechanics 16 (2001) 859-865
Biometrics Ltd Goniometers are used simultaneously with a force transducer to verify resistance to passive motion. In order to quantify spasticity, blind data from the resistance to passive motion test is used together with the Modified Ashworth Scale to identify the 'catch' phenomenon. Findings regarding the relationship between the Modified Ashworth Scale and patient resistance to passive motion are presented. A statistical analysis is documented comparing the impaired arm with the non-impaired arm of participants in this study.
Keywords: Gonio Elbow UE Botox Stroke Spasticity Research Neurology Clinical Applications Clinical Rehabilitation UK Switzerland 2002
A Pandyan, P Vuadens, F van Wijck, S Stark, G Johnson, M Barnes; Clinical Rehabilitation 2002, 16:654-660
Biometrics Ltd electrogoniometer incorporated into a measurement system to quantify the clinical efficacy of botulinum toxin type A in treating elbow spasticity in a unilateral stroke population.
Keywords: Spasticity Elbow Neurology UE Goniometer Modified Ashworth Scale UK 2003
Anand D Pandyan, Christopher IM Price, Michael P Barnes, Garth R Johnson; Clinical Rehabilitation 2003; 17: 290-294
In this study, blind resistance to passive movement measurements are taken using the Biometrics Ltd Goniometer along with a force transducer; data is then graded using the Ashworth Scale and Modified Ashworth Scale, all subjects are stroke patient volunteers. An investigation comparing the non-impaired arm with the impaired arm is presented as a sub analysis. Results are discussed following a statistical analysis to confirm the validity of the Ashworth scale with respect to biomechanical data.
Keywords: Spasticity Goniometers EMG DataLINK Neurology Stroke Clinical Applications Biomechanics Range of Motion Muscle Activity Force ARAT UK 2008
Sweta Malhotra, Elizabeth Cousins, Anthony Ward, Charles Day, Peter Jones, Christine Roffe, Anand Pandyan; Clinical Rehabilitation 2008; 22: 1105-1115
Spasticity is measured at the wrist flexors of stroke patients using a combination of Biometrics Ltd EMG probes and Goniometers along with a force transducer connected to the Biometrics Ltd DataLINK unit. Force, range of motion and muscle activity were measured simultaneously during patient exercise in order to confirm the relationship between biomechanical, clinical and neurophysiological measurements necessary to best manage and assess spasticity.
Keywords: DataLINK Goniometers EMG UE Stroke Neurology Clinical Applications Spasticity Botulinum Toxin Elbow Wrist UE UK 2009
E Cousins, A B Ward, C Roffe, L D Rimington, A D Pandyan; Physical Therapy Volume 89 Number 7 p688-697
Biometrics Ltd DataLINK, Goniometers and EMG sensors used as a neurophysiological measure of joint angle and EMG activity in post stroke patients treated for spasticity with Botulinum toxin.
Keywords: Spasticity Botulinum Neurology Toxin Stroke Elbow Wrist Arm Function UE Grip Strength Range of Motion EMG Goniometer Dynamometer DataLINK ARAT UK 2010
Elizabeth Cousins, Anthony Ward, Christine Roffe, Lesley Rimington, Anand Pandyan; clinical Rehabilitation 2010; 24: 501-513
A variety of Biometrics Ltd sensors are used to measure arm function and spasticity in stroke patients. Sensors used include the Dynamometer, EMG probes, Goniometers and a custom built, hand held force transducer all connected to the Biometrics Ltd DataLINK unit. Data was recorded at distinct time intervals post stroke in order to document arm function recovery of two control groups, one group were administered a low dose of botulinum toxin early on after stroke while the other was administered a placebo.
Keywords: Spasticity ARAT EMG Neurology Goniometers Stroke Muscle Activity Force Range of Motion Stiffness Pain UE Wrist Contracture UK 2011
S Malhotra, AD Pandyan, S Rosewilliam, C Roffe, H Hermens; Clinical Rehabilitation 2011; 25: 184-191
Biometrics Ltd equipment is used to identify a relationship between upper limb functional recovery and the development of spasticity in stroke patients over a quantified time. A combination of Biometrics sensors including Goniometers and EMG probes were used along with a force transducer to evaluate range of motion muscle activity and force simultaneously during exercise. With this data, clinicians are capable of studying the development of spasticity and wrist contractures over time in addition to confirming the relationship between spasticity, function and contracture development.
Keywords: DataLOG Goniometer EMG Spasticity Stroke Upper Limb Physiotherapy Clinical Applications Spasticity in Stroke UK 2014
Cameron Lindsay, Julie Simpson, Sissi Ispoglou, Steve G. Sturman, Ananad D. Pandyan. Trials 2014, 15:12
This proposed study involves the use of Biometrics Ltd Goniometers, connected to the DataLOG unit for recording maximum wrist/elbow flexion and extension. Data will be collected at determined time intervals following stroke, some of the patients will be receiving treatment throughout the duration of the study and some patients will receive a placebo (no treatment). All data collected will be analysed to provide values for spasticity over a period of time which will verify the clinical effects of treatment.
Keywords: Saudi Arabia, Dynamometer, Stroke, Clinical Applications, Spasticity in Stroke, 2015
A. H. N. Deghadi, l. S. Waked, M. Alkawi, N. A. M. Nordin, R. Al-Baradie. World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Volume 4, Issue 7, 26-38
This analysis includes a comparison of two treatments intended to restore function to the upper limbs of stroke patients. The Biometrics Dynamometer is used to quantify the maximal Grip Strength of all subjects over the course of the study; this data is then reviewed and discussed in a comparative analysis to determine which of the two treatment options is best. Keywords: 2015, USA, EMG, Sport, Health & Exercise Science, Biomechanics